Flashcards in war at air and at sea Deck (19)
which British passenger ship was sunk in 1915 and how?
Lutsitania / torpedo fire
which new weapon was introduced in 1915?
Britain was trying to maintain a blockage of _____ ports
_______ declared the area around Britain a war zone and maintained a blockade with submarines sinking __________
Germany / all allied merchant ships
what were the 3 approaches to the German strategy?
what were convoys?
large groups of ships sailed together with armed destroyers
what were q-boats?
battleships disguised as merchant ships
by late 1916, how many ships was Germany sinking per month?
in 1917, due to losses on the Western Front, the German navy introduced a policy of _________________
unrestricted submarine warfare sinking any ship approaching Britain
how many ships were sunk in the first 4 months of this policy (Germany sinking all allied merchant ships)?
even though the German strategy did tremendous damage, how did it backfire?
its policy of attacking neutral ships brought the US into the war in 1917
why did few believe the plane would play a role when the war started?
it had only been 11 years since its invention
how many planes did Germany start the war with?
the Germans designed a special monoplane called the Fokker which was armed with _________
the Germans also had Zeppelins (airships) which could be used ________
in bombing raids
by 1916, planes were more common but the life of a pilot was ___________ and _________
risky (no parachutes) / short (3 wks)
what was a "fighting ace" and name 2 examples
more than 5 enemy planes shot down / Red Baron and Billy Bishop
Canadian fighter pilots brought down ___ enemy aircraft during WWI