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Flashcards in war at air and at sea Deck (19):
1

which British passenger ship was sunk in 1915 and how?

Lutsitania / torpedo fire

2

which new weapon was introduced in 1915?

the submarine

3

Britain was trying to maintain a blockage of _____ ports

German

4

_______ declared the area around Britain a war zone and maintained a blockade with submarines sinking __________

Germany / all allied merchant ships

5

what were the 3 approaches to the German strategy?

convoys
underwater mines
q-boats

6

what were convoys?

large groups of ships sailed together with armed destroyers

7

what were q-boats?

battleships disguised as merchant ships

8

by late 1916, how many ships was Germany sinking per month?

160

9

in 1917, due to losses on the Western Front, the German navy introduced a policy of _________________

unrestricted submarine warfare sinking any ship approaching Britain

10

how many ships were sunk in the first 4 months of this policy (Germany sinking all allied merchant ships)?

1074

11

even though the German strategy did tremendous damage, how did it backfire?

its policy of attacking neutral ships brought the US into the war in 1917

12

why did few believe the plane would play a role when the war started?

it had only been 11 years since its invention

13

how many planes did Germany start the war with?

400

14

the Germans designed a special monoplane called the Fokker which was armed with _________

machine guns

15

the Germans also had Zeppelins (airships) which could be used ________

in bombing raids

16

by 1916, planes were more common but the life of a pilot was ___________ and _________

risky (no parachutes) / short (3 wks)

17

what was a "fighting ace" and name 2 examples

more than 5 enemy planes shot down / Red Baron and Billy Bishop

18

Canadian fighter pilots brought down ___ enemy aircraft during WWI

438

19

_ of the 7 leading aces of the RAF were Canadians

4

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