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Flashcards in Alsace Deck (42):
1

What is the climate of Alsace?

Cool-continental

2

What are the main wine styles of Alsace?

  • Dry, white wines
  • 90% white wine production

3

How does Alsace label their wines?

By grape variety (not region) - similar to Germany

4

What does it mean if there is one grape varietal listed on an Alsatian wine?

  • 100% of the listed varietal

5

Edelzwicker

  • Noble wine
  • A blend of the allowed white grapes in the region

6

What are the characteristics of Riesling from Alsace?

  • Most important grape varietal
  • Top region for Riesling
  • Dry
  • Fully ripened grapes
  • Fruity
  • Citrusy
  • High Alcohol

7

What are the characteristics of Gewurtztraminer from Alsace?

  • Exotic fruit
  • Spicy

8

Describe Pinot Gris from Alsace

  • Formerly known as Tokay or Tokay d'Alsace
  • Rich & Full
  • Almost honeyed

9

What are some other notable grapes grown in Alsace?

  • Muscat
  • Sylvaner
  • Pinot Noir

10

What two major factors affect the climate of Alsace?

  • Vodges Mountains (west)
  • Rhine River (east)

11

How do the Vosges mountains affect Alsace?

  • Protect from severe weather
  • Protect from winter storms
  • Lies in the "rain shadow" - driest region in France
  • Sunny, dry conditions in summer

12

Cremant d'Alsace

  • Sparkling wine
  • Methode Champenoise

13

Vendange Tardive

  • Wines made form ultraripe, late harvest grpaes
  • Fermented completely dry
  • High alcohol + Full flavors
  • Varietal over Botrytis

14

Selection de Grains Nobles

  • Sweet dessert wines
  • Made from fully ripened grapes + botrytis
  • Honeylike flavors
  • Botrytis over Varietal

15

How is Alsace divided?

Two departements:

  • Haut Rhin
    • Premier Wines
  • Bas Rhin

16

What are the four "noble" grapes of Alsace?

  • Riesling
  • Pinot Gris
  • Muscat
  • Gewurtztraminer

17

What is Alsace's main appellation?

Alsace AOP

18

What is the most planted grape in Alsace?

Riesling

19

What grapes are Grand Cru AOP Alsatian wines produced from?

Only the noble grapes

20

What is the only red grape permitted for Alsatian wines?

Pinot Noir

21

Which grapes are permitted in Cremant d'Alsace?

  • Pinot Blanc
  • Pinot Noir
  • Chardonnay
  • Riesling
  • Pinot Gris
  • Auxerrois

22

JURA: What grapes are used to make vin jaune and vin paille?

vin jaune: Savagnin

vin paille: Pinot Noir

23

What are the regions of Jura?

  • Cotes du Jura
  • Arbois AOP
  • L'Etoile AOP
  • Chateau Chalon AOP

24

What are the regions of Savoie?

  • Vin de Savoie AOP
  • Roussette de Savoie AOP
  • Seyssel AOP
  • Bugey

25

Which commune produces vin jaune and what grapes are in it?

Château Chalon

100% Savagnin grapes

26

Which appellations produces vin de paille?

Côtes de Jura, Arbois, or L'Etoile

Pinot Noir

27

How many grand crus are in Alsace?

28

Which term denotes a blended wine including a minimum 50% of noble Alsatian grapes?

Gentil

29

What are some producers in Alsace?

Trimbach and Hugel

30

What is the only red wine permitted for Alsace AOP wines?

Pinot Noir

31

What is the significance of the name "Jura"?

Jurassic era, vineyards rest upon Jurassic limestone and marl

32

What is Jura's climate?

Continental

33

What are the three main red grapes of Jura?

Poulsard, Trousseau, and Pinot Noir

34

What are the main white grapes of Jura?

Dry = 100% Chardonnay
 (Gamay Blanc)

35

What are the local specialties of Jura? What are the grapes they are made with?

Vin Jaune (Savagnin) and Vin de Paille (Pinot Noir)

36

Chateau Chalon AOP

A commune (not producer) in Jura, specializes in vin jaune, or yellow wine, oxidized, not fortified, grown on local limestone/marl, (nutty almost curried flavor - because of voile - like flor from Jerez) - labeled Arbois, L'Etoile, or Cotes du Jura

37

What determines the climate of Savoie?

Lake Bourget and Lake Geneva, continental climate

38

A blended wine with at least 50% Alsatian noble grapes

Gentil

39

Noble grapes of Alsace

Pinot Gris, Riesling, Gewurtz, Muscat

40

Vin Jaune

Dry, wine style

41

Which commune in Jura produces vin jaune?

Chateau Chalon

42

Which wine was once called Tokay d'Alsace?

Pinot Gris, no longer allowed to be printed on labels