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Flashcards in Bordeaux Deck (28):
1

Claret

The term for Red Bordeaux in England

2

What is the history of Bordeaux's success?

  • English control of Bordeaux (100 years)
  • Proximity to major port city
  • Largest top-quality region of France
  • Quantity of Quality
  • Produces more than any wine-producing country on Earth

3

What is the climate of Bordeaux?

  • Atlantic coastline
  • temperate-maritime
  • (not too hot or too cold)

4

What are the top white grapes of Bordeaux?

  • Sauvignon Blanc
  • Semillon

5

What are the top red grapes of Bordeaux?

  • Merlot
  • Cab Sauv

6

What are the top regions of Bordeaux?

  • Left Bank
    • Medoc
    • Haut-Medoc
    • Graves
  • Right Bank
    • Pomerol
    • Saint-Emilion
  • Entre-Deux-Mers

7

Dessert wine from Bordeaux

Sauternes

8

Describe Sauv Blanc from Bordeaux

  • Dry
  • Acidic
  • Stainless steel or neutral oak
  • Left Bank and Entre-Deux-Mers

9

Semillon from Bordeaux

  • Dominant white grape in botrytised, sweet wines
  • full body
  • honey
  • rich character

10

Cabernet Sauv from Bordeaux

  • Left Bank: main grape in blends
  • Tannin
  • Structure
  • Right Bank: used to make Merlot or Cabernet-Franc more robust

11

Merlot from Bordeaux

  • Native to Bordeaux
  • Most widely planted and important grape

12

What are some other notable grapes used in Bordeaux?

  • Muscadelle
  • Cabernet Franc
  • Malbec
  • Petit Verdot
  • Carmenere

13

What rivers flow through the Bordeaux region?

The Dordogne River and Garonne River feeds the Gironde estuary which empties into the Atlantic.

14

Describe the Left Bank of Bordeaux

  • SW of Gironde estuary and Garonne River
  • Soil: Gravel and Sand (erosion of mtns)
  • Slightly Cooler than Right Bank
  • Perfect for Cab Sauv

15

What are the winemaking regions and the important subregions located in the Left Bank?

  • Medoc
  • Haut-Medoc
    • Margaux
    • Pauillac
    • Saint-Estephe
    • Saint-Julien
    • Listrac
    • Moulis
  • Graves
    • Pessac-Leognan

16

Where is Pauillac and what are its premier crus?

  • Commune in Haut-Medoc
  • Three Premier Cru estates:
    • Chateau Latour
    • Chateau Lafite-Rothschild
    • Chatea Mouton-Rothschild
  • Powerful, full-flavored wines

17

Describe the soil in Graves and the AOC in Graves

  • Terroir is ideal for top-quality red AND white
  • Gravelly soil
    • Pessac-Leognan AOC

18

Where is Pessac-Leognan and its main grape

  • AOC of Graves
  • Cabernet Sauv (softer, blended with Merlot)

19

Which wines were ranked in the 1855 Classification or are considered "first growth" wineries?

  • Pauillac:
    • Chatea Lafite-Rothschild
    • Chateau Latour
    • Chateau Mouton-Rothschild
  • Graves/Pessac Leognan
    • Chateau Haut-Brion
  • Margaux
    • Chateau Margaux

20

What was the Premier Grand Cru Classifcation of 1855 for sweet wines?

Chateau d'Yquem in Sauternes

21

What is the Cru Borgeois system?

  • 1930s
  • Medoc

22

What does Cru Classe mean?

  • 1950s
  • Estates in Graves

23

What are the main regions/soil of the Right Bank?

  • Pomerol
  • Saint-Emilion
    • More clay
    • Holds onto moisture + provides fertile conditions 

24

Describe Pomerol

  • Right Bank of Bordeaux
  • Smallest Commune = High Prices
  • Merlot
  • Soft, lush fruit, less tannin than Left Bank
  • Chateau Petrus is a top estate/expensive

25

Describe Saint-Emilion (grape and facts)

  • Oldest wine producing regions of Bordeaux
  • Merlot
  • Has its own classification system

26

Describe Entre-Deux-Mers

  • "Between the seas"
  • Dry, average white wines (Sauv Blanc)
  • Red wines are used in regional Bordeaux or Bordeaux Superieur wines

27

Describe Sauternes

  • Late harvest, botrytised wines
  • Only made in the best vintages
  • Chateau d'Yquem - Premier Grand Cru (first great growth"

28

AOC regions of St-Emilion

  • Lussac Saint-Emilion
  • Montagne-Saint-Emilion
  • Puisseguin-Saint-Emilion
  • Saint-Georges-Saint-Emilion