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Flashcards in Burgundy Deck (19):
1

What is the climate of Burgundy?

Cool-continental

2

What is the top white and red grape of Burgundy?

  • Chardonnay
  • Pinot Noir

3

What are the top regions of Burgundy?

  • Chablis
  • Cote d'Or
    • Cote de Nuits
    • Cote de Beaune
  • Cote Chalonnaise
  • Maconnais
  • Beaujolais

4

Describe regional Burgundy wine

  • Appellation Bourgogne Controlee
  • Blends from grapes sourced throughout region
  • Simple and least expensive

5

Describe Burgundy wine from a Commune or Village

  • Higher in quality than regional
  • Grapes sources from the vineyards surrounding one of Burgundy's important subregions
  • Examples:
    • Appellation Cote de Beaune Controlee
    • Appellation Pouilly Fusse Controlee

6

Describe wine from a Burgundy Premier Cru Vineyard

  • First growth
  • Vineyards that produced important wines in the past
  • Labels:
    • name of the village/commune
    • name of the premier cru
    • term premier cru or 1er cru
    • ex: Appellation Pommard Epenots Premier Cru Controlee

7

Describe wine from a Grand Cru Vineyards

  • Highest designation
  • Great growth
  • Produced 100% from grapes grown in the vineyard
  • 1% of Burgundy's production
  • Labels:
    • Name of Vineyard
    • "Grand Cru"
      • ex: Appellation Le Montrachet Grand Cru Controlee

8

Describe Chardonnay from Burgundy

  • Only white grape allowed for AOC wines
  • Acidity
  • Minerality
  • Great for food pairing

9

What are two minor grapes also grown in Burgundy?

  • Aligote
  • Gamay

10

Describe Pinot Noir from Burgundy

  • Indigenous to Burgundy
    • Velvety mouthfeel
    • Intense aroma
    • Pleasant acidity
    • Red Beries
    • Earthy
    • Spicy
    • Complex

11

What are key factors about Burgundy's terroir?

  • Continental climate = high acidity + lower alcohol
  • fossilized sea life + limestone soil

12

Describe Chablis in Burgundy

  • Northernmost region
  • Kimmeridgian limestone soil (fossilized remains)
  • Chardonnay only
  • Lean, mineral, flinty whites

13

AOCS in Cote de Nuits

  • Marsannay
  • Fixin
  • Gevry-Chambertin
  • More-Saint-Denis
  • Chambolle-Musigny
  • Vougeot
  • Echezeaux
  • Vosne-Romanee
  • Nuits-Saint-Georges

14

Major Villages of Cote de Beaune

Grand Crus

  • Aloxe-Corton
  • Puligny-Montrachet
  • Chassagne-Montrachet

Premier Crus

  • Beaune
  • Pommard
  • Volnay
  • Meursalt

15

What are major AOCs from Cote Chalonnaise

  • Bouzeron (Aligote)
  • Rully
  • Mercurey
  • Givry
  • Montagny

16

Major regions from Maconnais AOC

  • Macon
  • Macon-Superieur
  • Macon-Villages
  • St.-Veran
  • Pouilly-Fuisse
  • Loche
  • Vinzelles

17

Beaujolais Grape and Major Classes

  • Gamay grape
    • Fruity
    • Simple
  • Three Basic Classes
    • AOC Beajolais
    • AOC Beajolais-Villages
    • Cru Beajolais

18

Carbonic Maceration

  • Whole bunches of uncrushed grapes
  • Put in vats with carbon dioxide
  • Grapes at bottom crushed with the weight of grapes above
  • Rest of grapes: fermentation happens inside the grape

19

What are the 10 Cru Beaujolais Communes

  • Brouilly
  • Chenas
  • Chiroubles
  • Cote de Brouilly
  • Julienas
  • Morgon
  • Moulin-a-Vent
  • Regnie
  • Fleurie
  • Saint-Amour