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Flashcards in N. America Deck (42):
1

What is the climate of the US?

  • Located almost entirely between the 30th and 50th parallels of latitude
  • Temperate

2

What are the top regions in the US?

  • California
  • Oregon
  • Washington

3

Where does the US rank in world wine production?

4th

4

If an American wine is labeled by grape variety, how much of the listed varietal must it contain?

75%

5

What is Oregon's minimum for single varietals listed on wineries?

90%

6

For each of the following origins listed on the label, how much of the grapes in the wine need to be from that area?

  • US/American
  • Any state (except CA or WA)
  • California or Washington
  • County
  • AVA

  • US/American
    • 100%
  • Any state (except CA or WA)
    • 75%
  • California or Washington
    • 100%
  • County
    • 75%
  • AVA
    • 85%

7

Top white grapes in California

  • Chardonnay
  • Sauv Blanc

8

Top red grapes in California

  • Cab Sauv
  • Merlot
  • Pinot Noir
  • Syrah
  • Zinfandel

9

Top Regions in CA

  • Sierra Foothills AVA
  • Central Coast AVA
  • North Coast AVA
    • Napa Valley AVA
    • Sonoma County

10

What are the characteristics of Chardonnay from California?

  • Riper Grapes
    • Pineapple
    • Pear
    • Apple
  • Barrel fermentation, heavy oak aging, malolactic fermentation, sur lie aging
    • Rich
    • Toasted Oak
    • Buttery

11

What are the Characteristics of Sauv Blanc/Fume Blanc from CA?

  • Tropical fruit (b/c of ripeness)
  • Grapefruit
  • Only hints of herbaceousness

12

What are the characteristics of Cab Sauv from CA?

  • Rich
  • Dense
  • Tannic
  • Ripe Berry
  • Aged = Earth + Spice

13

What does the term "Meritage" mean?

  • wine made from only classic Bordeaux varietals

14

What are characteristics of Merlot from CA?

  • Medium bodied
  • Berry

15

Characteristics of Pinot Noir from CA

  • Fruit forward
  • Richer & Softer than Oregon or Burgundy

16

What are the wine regions in the North Coast AVA?

  • Napa County
  • Sonoma County
  • Mendocino County
  • Lake County
  • Marin County
  • Solano County

17

What are the main grape varietals from Napa Valley?

  • Chardonnay
  • Cab Sauv

18

What is the climate of Napa Valley?

  • Wide range
  • Mostly Mediterranean
  • Some Maritime influence

19

What is the major terroir implications of Napa Valley?

  • East: Mayacamas
  • West: Vaca Mtns.
  • South: San Pablo Bay

20

Name three Napa Valley AVAs

Centeral AVAs on the Valley Floor

  • Carneros AVA
  • Oak Knoll District of Napa Valley AVA
  • Oakville AVA
  • Rutherford AVA
  • Stags Leap District AVA
  • Saint Helena AVA
  • Wild Horse Valley AVA
  • Yountville AVA

21

Name three Napa Valley AVAs

  • Western Mountain AVAs

  • Diamond Mountain District AVA
  • Mount Vedeer AVA
  • Spring Mountain District AVA

22

Name three Napa Valley AVAs

Eastern Mountain AVAs

  • Atlas Peak AVA
  • Chiles Valley District AVA
  • Howell Mountain AVA

23

What is the climate of Sonoma County?

  • Marine influence
  • West: Pacific Ocean
  • East: Mayacamas Mtns

24

What are the main grapes from Sonoma County?

  • Chardonnay
  • Pinot Noir
  • Zinfandel

25

Sierra Foothills AVA

  • location
  • main grape

  • Zinfandel
  • East of the large Central Valley

26

Central Coast AVA

  • terroir
  • grape

  • tempering effects of ocean
  • Cool, foggy wine regions
  • Top quality Pinot Noir (Sideways)

27

What is the climate of Oregon?

  • Temperate to cool
  • Moist (Pacific + Cascade Mtns)

28

Top white and red grape of Oregon?

  • White: Pinot Gris
  • Red: Pinot Noir

29

Top region of Oregon?

Willamette Valley

30

Describe Pinot Noir from Oregon

  • Higher acidity (cooler climate)
  • Balanced alcohol content
  • Red Fruits (cranberries + cherries(
  • Earthy
  • Spicy

31

Describe Pinot Gris from Oregon

  • Apple
  • Citrus
  • Honey
  • Aged in oak (toasted + spice)

32

Why does Oregon have a cool, moist climate?

  • Cold, moist weather blow in from Pacific
  • Air mass forced up the Cascades (more cool air pushes in)
  • Faining in altitude, air mass becomes colder and heavier
  • Air mass breaks up and dry warmer conditions are found in the rain shadow of the Cascades

33

Willamette Valley AVA

  • terroir
  • climate
  • grapes

  • terroir: Willamette River
  • climate: Maritime from Pacific (coastal mountain range protects from harsh weather)
  • grapes: Pinot Noir, Chard, Pinot Gris, Ries

34

What is the climate in Washington?

  • Temperate and dry
  • Rain-shadow effect of the Cascade Mtns

35

What are the top grapes from Washington?

  • White:
    • Chardonnay
  • Red:
    • Cab Sauv
    • Merlot

36

What is the top region in WA?

Columbia Valley

37

Describe Chardonnay from WA

  • Less ripe than CA
  • Acidic
  • Citrus
  • Apple
  • Touch of Butter

38

Describe Cab Sauv from WA

  • Dark fruit
  • earthy notes
  • high acidity
  • softer tannin structure
  • (not as high in alcohol or fruit-forward as CA)

39

Merlot from WA

  • Soft
  • Spicy
  • Rich fruit - blueberries, black cherries, currants

40

Name three Washington AVAs

  • Columbia Valley
  • Yakima Valley
  • Walla Walla Valley
  • Red Mountain
  • Horse Heaven Hills
  • Snipes Mountain
  • Lake Chelan
  • Puget Sound

41

Name three Oregon AVAs

  • Southern Oregon
  • Rogue Valley
  • Applegate Valley
  • Umqua Valley
  • Douglas Red Hills
  • Snake River
  • Columbia River
  • Walla Walla Valley
  • Columbia Gorge
  • Willamette Valley

42

Name three New York State AVAs

  • The Hamptons, Long Island
  • North Fork of Long Island
  • Long Island
  • Hudson River Region
  • Seneca Lake
  • Cayuga Lake
  • Finger Lakes
  • Lake Erie
  • Niagara Escarpement