Flashcards in Germany Deck (57):
What is Germany's climate?
Most northenmost premium vineyards in the world, grapes grow in a cool to cold climate.
What are the top whites in Germany?
What is the top red in Germany?
Spatburgunder (Pinot Noir)
What are the top regions in Germany?
What are the wine laws of Germany built around?
Therefore winemakers are most concerned about ripeness of grapes
What styles of wine does Germany most commonly produce?
All types of sweet to dry whites (Riesling)
Considerable amount of red
Where are the main wine regions of Germany located?
Near the Rhine river in the warmer southwestern part of Germany
What is the story behind the beginning of the sweet styles of German wine?
-Year was 1775
-Courier was carrying a royal decree
-Headed to top wine region Rheingau
-The courier was delayed 2 weeks
-Grapes infected with botrytis
-Grapes harvested b/c of royal decree
-Result was rich sweetness and high quality
What is the sparkling wine from Germany called?
Why do Germans plant their vineyards on such steep slopes?
To maximize their exposure to the sun
Steepest on Mosel River planted at a 76 degree grade
What are German winemaking laws based on?
How are most German wines labeled & why?
Long history of developing and breeding different grapes
Qualitatswein mit Pradikat
Qualitatswein bestimmter Anbaugebiete
The four major German wine quality classifications
Amtliche Prufungsnummer or A.P.Nr
Wines strictly regulated
Individual wines are judged based on their unique characteristics
Wines that pass at least minimum quality control standards are awarded an official test number called A.P.Nr
(helpful because they are specific to each wine)
What is used to measure the density of a wine?
Why is an Oechsle used?
To measure the sugar content of the grape juice or must by using density
-estimates potential alcohol
-used to classify wines
What are the four categories in ascending order that wine is divided into?
The process of adding sugar to wine
Is done in all the categories except QmP
Legally, a wine must be fermented until dry and then sugar is added
Chaptalization will raise the sugar content
Sweet, unfermented grape juice
A "quality wine" made from riper grapes that range from just unripe to overripe
95% of the country's production
What are the requirements of QbA?
"quality wine from a recognized region"
grown in the thirteen official winemaking regions
region listed on label
often sweetened with sussreserve
solid wines/reasonable pricing
What are the requirements of QmP?
"quality wine with special attributes"
-best wines in Germany
-six different style designations (listed on label)
What are the six styles of QmP wines?
Dry or containing very little residual sugar
Off dry, containing some residual sugar
Must come from 1 of the 13 recognized regions
Drier style, slight amount of sweetness,
produced from ripe grapes,
12% alcohol min.
Recognized INDIVIDUAL VINEYARD SITE
Describe the term Kabinett
Wines made from grapes that just qualify for minimum QmP generally considered a normal harvest in Germany
-lightest QmP style in body and alcohol
-bottled 7-10% abv
-high in acidity
Harvested a couple weeks after Kabinett grapes
More body and alcohol
Ranges from dry to sweet
Harvesting only very ripe bunches of grapes by hand
Only in warmer years
Typically used for semisweet or dessert wines
'Berries Select Harvest'
sweetest, syrupy, richest, rarest wines in Germany
overripe auslese wines (naturally infected with botrytis)
Botrytis AKA edelfaule
highest sugar concentration
once or twice a decade
Trocken = dry
"Dry berries select harvest"
Dry means the berry is dry because it's a raisin!
Partially frozen grapes
Harvested at 12 - 17 degrees fahrenheit
contain ice crystals
(if they froze solid, skins would split open, juice degraded)
grapes pressed outside, ice crystals removed, further concentrating juice
-hand harvested grapes
-min. ripeness levels
-strict limits on yield
-called erstes Gewachs in Rheingau
Similar to Eerste Lage
the estate must be dedicated to dry wines
What are other notable grapes in Germany besides Riesling, Gewurtztraminer, Muller Thurgau, and Spatburgunder?
Describe Riesling from Germany
-Can produce racy, dry wines to the sweetest dessert wines in the world.
Describe Gewurtztraminer from Germany
-Lychee, Rose, Perfume, Spice
-Dry and Sweet styles (rarely dessert)
-20% of Vineyards
-A Riesling Cross
-Lacking in Acidity and Character
-Usually used in lower quality/sweetened blends
-"late Burgundy" (translated)
-Produces top German red wines
-Lean & Acidic (due to climate)
-Tart, red, fruit flavors
-Grown in the warmest, southern region
-Genetic Cross - Silvaner X Riesling
-2nd most widely planted red grape
-Deep colored red wines
-Fuller bodied/More tannins than other German reds
What is most of Germany's soil type? How does it affect the wines?
Gives wines a strong mineral or flinty characteristic
Absorbs energy from the sun and rereleases it in the form of heat to the vines
This is why German grape growers plant grapes on steep, south facing slopes
Large Winemaking District (13)
Specific winemaking area within an anbaugebiet (39)
Collection of adjoining vineyards within a bereich (160+)
Individual vineyard site within a grosslage (2,600+)
-Vineyards planted on steep slopes of the Mosel River
-Westernmost wine region in Germany
-Ripeness is at a premium
-Wines low in alcohol
Warmest Anbaugebiet of Germany
Not far from Alsace
Warmer conditions (lemons/figs also produced)
Rich, fruity reds
Second leading wine produces