Rhone, Provence, Langudeoc-Roussillon Flashcards Preview

Cert. Somm Exam > Rhone, Provence, Langudeoc-Roussillon > Flashcards

Flashcards in Rhone, Provence, Langudeoc-Roussillon Deck (24):
1

What is the climate of Rhone?

Warm-Mediterranean

2

What is the top white grape of Rhone?

Viognier

3

What are the top red grapes of Rhone?

  • Syrah
  • Grenache

4

What are the top regions of Rhone?

  • Northern Rhone
    • Cote-Rotie
    • Hermitage
  • Southern Rhone
    • Cotes-du-Rhone
    • Chateauneuf-du-Pape
    • Tavel

5

What types of wine is Rhone known for?

  • Powerful, earthy reds
  • Exotic white wines
  • Sweet dessert wines
  • Top roses

6

What is the difference between northern and southern Rhone?

  • N: traditional, handful of grapes - Syrah
  • S: blending many grapes - Grenache

7

What is significant about Syrah from Rhone?

  • Originated in southern France
  • Best in Rhone
  • Northern Rhone
  • Rhone Flavor Profile:
    • Earthy
    • Smoky
    • Peppecorns
    • Gamey

8

What does Grenache from Rhone taste like?

  • Powerful
  • earthy
  • high alcohol
  • spicy
  • strawberry jam

9

What is the terroir of Northern Rhone?

  • Rhone River
  • Warm-Continental
  • Steep river banks
    • Vineyards maximize sun exposure
  • Vineyads worked by hand
  • Galets
    • smooth river rocks

10

What is the terroir of Southern Rhone?

 

  • Rhone River
  • Closer to Mediterranean Sea
  • Le Mistral "the jester"
    • wind
    • Cools grapes
      • kept from over ripening
  • Galets
    • smooth river rocks

11

Cote-Rotie

  • wines
  • name meaning

  • Northern Rhone
  • "roasted slope"
    • Steep hillside
    • Southern exposure
  • Red - 100% Syrah
    • spicy
  • White - 20% Viognier
    • Perfumed quality

12

Hermitage

  • grape
  • location
  • story behind name

  • Northern Rhone
  • AOC
  • Gapard de Sterimberg
    • knight
    • 1200s
    • hermit
  • Syrah
    • blended with Marsanne
    • Roussanne

13

What are the wine styles in Langudeoc-Roussillon

  • Cinsault-Grenache blends dominate
  • Dry whites
  • Vin Doux Naturels

14

Cotes-Du-Rhone

  • location
  • grape
  • subregion

  • Southern Rhone
  • Largest
  • Grenache-based blends
  • Subregion
    • AOC Cotes-du-Rhone-Villages

15

Chateaunef-du-Pape

  • translation
  • main grape varietals (3)

  • "new house/castle of the pope"
  • Red wine region
    • Grenache (2/3)
    • Syrah
    • Mourvedere

16

Tavel

  • location
  • famous for?
  • flavors

  • Southern Rhone
  • Best dry rose wines
    • Grenache
    • + Cinsaut
  • Strawberries, cherries, tannin
  • AOC

17

Fun facts about Langudeoc-Roussillon

  • Largest wine producing region in the world
  • Several climate zones
  • 30 grape varietals

18

What is the climate of most of Langudeoc-Roussillon?

Warm, sunny, Mediterranean

19

How are the "vin de pays" wines from Languedoc-Roussillon labeled?

  • 90% of wines from Languedoc ar vin de pays
  • Vin de Pays d'OC
    • d'OC = from Languedoc

20

What are VDN?

  • vin doux naturels
    • "naturally sweet wines"
  • Made from very sweet grapes
  • Adds alcohol to a fermenting must
    • Stops fermentation

21

Vin de Liquer

  • Add alcohol to unfermented must
  • Adding a local brandy to the must (local grapes)

22

Bandol

  • location
  • known for

  • Provence
  • Several top dry roses
  • Red wines
    • Mourvedre based blends

23

What type of weather does Grenache thrive in?

warm, arid conditions

24

Where is Grenache famously grown?

 

  • Chateaunef-du-Pape
  • Tavel (Rose's)