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Flashcards in S. America Deck (29):
1

What is the climate of winemaking regions in Chile?

Temperate to warm

2

What is the top white grape of Chile?

Chardonnay

3

What are the top red grapes of Chile?

Cabernet Sauv. Carmenere

4

What are the subregions of the Central Valley?

  • Maipo Valley
  • Rapel Valley
  • Curico Valley
  • Maule Valley

5

Where does Chile rank in the world in terms of wine production?

10th

6

What is unique about Chile and phylloxera?

  • Very isolated country
  • Spared frm phylloxera

7

What are the two main geographic features of Chile?

  • Pacific coastline
  • Andes mountains

8

What is unique about Chile winemaking?

  • Heavily influenced by French winemaking
  • most vines planted on their own rootstock (pure)
  • 1800s - Hired French winemakers from Bordeaux

9

Describe the wine laws in Chile

  • International Markets: Grape, Region, or Vintage listed = 85%
  • Domestic Markets: "law of 75%"

10

Describe Cabernet Sauvignon from Chile

  • Fruity
  • Tannic
  • Structured
  • Sometimes blended with Merlot or Carmenere (Bordeaux blend)

11

Describe Carmenere from Chile

  • Wide range
  • simple and fruity
  • complex and intense dark fruit

12

Describe Chardonnay from Chile

  • Soft
  • Medium Quality
  • Heavy Oak
  • Malolactic fermentation

13

What affects the terroir of Chilean wine regions?

  • Location: river valleys between coastal mtn. ranges and Andes mtns.
  • Temperate almost Mediterranean climate
  • Gets warmer north, cooler south

 

14

What is the largest and most important wine region in Chile and its subregions?

  • Central Valley
    • Maipo Valley
    • Rapel Valley
    • Curico Valley
    • Maule Valley

 

 

15

Describe Maipo Valley

  • Closest to capital Santiago
  • First grapes planted in 1500s
  • Dry, warm climate
  • Red wine region
  • Cab SAuv and Carmenere

16

Describe Rapel Valley and its subregion(s)

  • Just south of Maipo Valley
  • High quality red wines
  • Marine influence in the valley
  • Cab Sauve, Carmenere, Sauv Blanc
  • Subregion: Colchagua Valley

17

Describe the Curico Valley

  • Further south than Rapel
  • Lack of ocean influence
  • Warmer climate
  • Wide, fertile region
  • Aromatic Sauv Blanc

18

Describe the Maule Valley

  • Most widely planted region in Chile
  • 25% of Chile's vines
  • Chardonnay
  • Sauvignon Blanc

19

Describe the climate in Argentina

Temperate to warm

20

Top white grape of Argentina

Torrontes

21

Top red grapes of Argentina

  • Malbec
  • Cabernet Sauv

22

Top wine region of Argentina

Mendoza

23

Where does Argentina rank in the world in terms of wine production?

5th

24

Where are most of Argentina's wine regions located?

  • Foothills of Andes Mountains
  • Arid, high-desert climate

25

What does most Argentinian red pair with?

Beed

26

What are the wine laws of Argentina?

  • Similar to other New World countries
  • Labeled by grape varietal = 80%
  • Labeled by wine region = 85%

27

Describe Malbec from Argentina

  • Growing conditions ideal for this grape
  • Rich purple color
  • Concentrated
  • Spicy
  • Dark Fruit

28

Describe Torrontes from Argentina

  • Light-bodied
  • Aromatic
  • Fresh stone fruit
  • Citrus

29

What are some of the main wine regions in Argentina?

  • Mendoza (Malbec)
  • San Juan (table wines)
  • La Rioja (table wines)
  • Salta (Torrontes)
  • Neuquen
  • Rio Negro (Chard & Sauv Blanc)