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Flashcards in Italy Deck (87):
1

What major regions are included in Southern Italy and the Islands?

  • Calabria
  • Campania
  • Sardegna (Sardinia)
  • Sicilia (Sicily)
  • Basilicata 
  • Puglia (Apulia)

CCSSBP - Cape Cod Sits Silently By Photographs

2

What is The Bellini? Where did it originate?

  • Sparkling wine cocktail
  • Originated in Veneto
  • Prosecco + white peach juice

3

What are the top regions/wines in Veneto?

  • Soave DOC
  • Valpolicella DOC
  • Amarone della Valpolicella DOC
  • Prosecco DOC
  • Pinot Grigio della Venezia DOC

4

How is the terroir divided in Veneto?

  • North: Cooler conditions (Italian Alps and Adriatic Sea)
  • South: Flat plain, temperate climates (warming influence of Adriatic Sea)

5

Valpolicella DOC

  • type of wine
  • grape(s)

  • Red wine
  • Uses Corvina grape
  • Sometimes Rondinella and Molinara

6

Chianti Classico DOCG?

  • location
  • types of wine
  • grape

  • covers the central area of Chianti
  • original borders drawn up in 1716
  • restrictive winemaking practices
  • result: most complex/intense wines
  • min. 85% sangiovese
  • "gallo negro" seal = Chianti Classico growers association

7

Riserva

Aged for a specified period longer than the minimum regional standards

8

What are three notable grapes in Tuscany besides Sangiovese and Cabernet Sauvignon?

  • Vernaccia (white)
  • Canaiolo (red - used to complement Sangiovese blends)
  • Merlot (full bodied, rich, firm structure, ripe berries)

9

What are Italian wine laws referred to?

DOC Laws (loosely based on the French AOC laws)

10

What are some important DOCGs in Lombardy?

  • Franciacorta (sparkling)
  • Valtellina (nebbiolo reds)

11

What are imporant DOCGs in Lombardy?

  • Valtellina Superiore DOCG (nebbiolo reds)
  • Franciacorta DOCG (quality metodo classico sparkling)
  • Sforzato di Valtellina
  • Oltrepo Pavese Classico (traditional method sparkling)

12

Which region is the top-producing wine region in NE Italy?

Veneto

13

What are important Piedmont DOCs?

  • Nebbiolo d'Alba DOC
  • Barbera d'Alba DOC
  • Dolcetto d'Alba DOC

14

What is the top white grape in Piedmont? The top red?

  • White: Moscato
  • Red: Nebbiolo

15

Dolce

Sweet

16

What are the wines of Emilia Romagna?

  • Albana di Romagna DOCG
  • Sangiovese di Romagna based reds (not like Chianti)
  • Lambrusco

17

What Italian region boasts more DOC and DOCG wines than any other region?

Piedmont

18

What is the flavor profile of Pinot Grigio from Veneto?

  • lean acidic flavors
  • green apples
  • citrus
  • minerals stainless steel

19

What major regions are included in Northwestern Italy?

  • Emilia-Romagna
  • Liguria
  • Lombardia (Lombardy)
  • Piemonte (Piedmont)
  • Toscano (Tuscany)
  • Valle d'Aosta

(Acronym: PV TELL)

20

What are the important DOCGs in Friuli?

  • Ramandolo Picolit
  • Picolit-Gialla

21

Superiore

Can represent a higher level of alcohol, longer aging, or a more specific appellation depending on the region the wine comes from

22

Vin Santo

A style of white dessert wine made from dried out grapes to concentrate their sugar content.

23

What major regions are included in Central Italy?

  • Marche (The Marches)
  • Molise
  • Lazio (Latium)
  • Abruzzo
  • Umbria

(Acronym: MMLAU - my mother likes a unicorn)

24

Which grape is the most widely grown grape in Piedmont?

Barbera

25

Spumante

Frothy/Carbonated

26

What are the Goria laws?

  • Agricultural Minister Giovanni Goria
  • Enacted in 1992 to address shortcomings of the DOC system (Vino da Tavola Revolt)
  • Introduction of the IGT
  • Producers can petition for DOC status using the IGT designation
  • Didn't address yield issues, changes in progress

27

What flavors are significant regarding Sangiovese from Tuscany?

  • Med.-Full Bodied
  • Earthy
  • Complex
  • Citrus
  • Spice
  • Dried Cherries
  • Acidity

28

What are the top red grapes from Tuscany?

  • Sangiovese (Brunello)
  • Cabernet Sauvignon

29

What are some clonal names for sangiovese?

  • Brunello
  • Prugnolo
  • Morellino

30

What major regions are included in Northeastern Italy?

  • Friuli-Venezia Giulia (Friuli)
  • Trentino-Alto Adige
  • Veneto

FTV - Friends Travel (in) Vans

31

Lower Quality Wines Made with Very Few Restrictions "Table Wines"

Vino da Tavola

32

What is significant about Tuscany when compared to Piedmont?

  • Piedmont = traditional winemakers
  • Tuscan wine industry = modern winemaking
  • Super Tuscans = 1970s and 1980s
  • Forced changes in DOC laws

33

Which wines is Piedmont famous for?

  • Sweet, sparkling white wines (Asti DOCG)
  • annic, powerful reds (Barolo DOCG and Barbaresco DOC)

34

What are important Friuli Venezia Giulia DOCGs?

Ramandolo (Verduzzo) Picolt & Picolit-Gialla

35

Classico

Typically a wine that comes from a traditional or more restrictive area inside a recognized region

36

What is notable about Lombardy?

-Produces some of Italy's top wines -Sparkling -Uses metodo classico (same as Champagne)

37

What is the difference between Asti and Moscato d'Asti?

They are both made from 100% Moscato grapes. Asti is less sweet with higher alcohol and more carbonated Both are best consumed young

38

What is significant about the Nebbiolo wines produced in Piedmont?

Extremely tannic, acidic, full-bodied, high in alcohol Intensely flavored, complex, dark fruit notes, wet earth, truffle oil, violets, star anise Quality production is limited to Piedmont

39

What type of wine is Veneto known for?

Pinot Grigio from vineyards near Venice, also makes sparkling and intense reds

40

What is the climate in Tuscany?

Temperate to warm with a Mediterranean influence

41

What are important Veneto DOCs?

Prosecco

Soave

42

What is significant about the Barolo DOCG?

100% Nebbiolo Wine must be aged a minimum of three years before being released (2 must be in a barrel) Extended bottle aging will result in softer structure and breathtaking complexity

43

What is the Charmat method?

Double fermentation similar to methode champenoise - the second fermentation take place inside large, pressurized tank to create carbonation (not in a bottle) Result: clean and fruity but no yeast like Champagne

44

What were the major setbacks for Italian winemaking?

1) Phylloxera (late 1800s and early 1900s) 2) Two world wars/worldwide depression

45

What grape is used to make Prosecco?

Glera

46

Strictest and Top Quality Classification (Only a Select Few Appellations), adds a Guarantee, wine is approved by gov't tasting panel

DOCG

47

Italian Wine Terms: Vino rosso Vino bianco Vino rasato

Vino rosso - Red Wine Vino bianco - White Wine Vino rasato - Rose Wine

48

What is the climate in Piedmont?

Continental due to the mountains that surround it. Piedmont means "foot of the mountain"

49

What are the top grapes in Veneto?

White: Pinot Grigio Red: Corvina

50

What two wines are made with the recioto process? How are they different?

Recioto della Valpolicella DOC - fermentation is stopped before completed (results in a sweet wine/fruit flavor) Amarone della Calpolicella DOC - fermentation carried out until the wine is dry (highly tannic, rich with dried dark fruit notes)

51

Secco

Dry

52

Recioto/Appassimento Process

(Veneto) 1) Winemakers harvest 2) Grapes dry out in bunches -Climate controlled rooms 3) Become raisins, lose water content 4) Crushed/Fermented

53

What is unique about the Gavi DOCG?

Produces a dry, white wine 100% Cortese Expensive, rich, complex

54

What are the main grape varietals in Soave DOC?

Veneto White wine - Garganega Blended with Trebbiano

55

What are other notable grapes from Piedmont (beside Nebbiolo and Moscato)?

Cortese - white, light bodied acidity (ripe citrus fruit) Barbera - red workhorse grape, best in Piedmont Dolcetto - high quality red

56

What is significant about the Moscato d'Asti wines from Piedmont?

Sweet, soft, sparkling From Asti DOCG Burst with ripe, tropical fruit & stone fruit flavors Slight soapy scent Low in alcohol Fermentations are stopped early

57

What are the four quality classifications of the DOC laws?

DOCG, DOC, IGT, and vino da tavola

58

How is Prosecco made?

Veneto Charmat method

59

What is unique to Piedmont wines?

Single variety wines (very few blends), similar to Burgundy, wines show the unique terroir of small, classified regions.

60

Better-Quality Wines Made Under Fairly Loose Restrictions (no restrictions on grapes used)

IGT

61

Strict and High Quality Classification, (appellations, grape varieties, yields, winemaking, aging, and more)

DOC

62

What are the top regions/wines from Tuscany?

Chianti DOCG Chianto Classico DOCG Brunello di Montalcino DOCG Toscano IGT - the Super Tuscans

63

What are the top wine regions in Piedmont?

Asti DOCG/Moscato d'Asti DOCG Dolcetto d'Alba DOC Barbera d'Alba DOC Barolo DOCF Barbaresco DOCG

64

What grape varietal and percentage is in wines from the Chianti DOCG?

75-100% sangiovese

65

What is the flavor profile of Corvina?

From Veneto light-bodied, acidic wine (cool-climate red grape) concentrated red fruit smoky sometimes made in vin santo fasion

66

What is significant about Brunello di Monalcino DOCG?

brunello = 'little brown one' = local name for sangiovese clone grown there -strictese regulation on yield/aging -wines aged 4 years (2 in wood) very structured wines, intense tannins, complex, earthy flavors

67

Passito

A type of dessert wine produced from grapes that have been dried out before crushing to concentrate their sugar content.

68

What is unique about the Barbaresco DOCG region?

100% Nebbiolo More temperate climate = softer tannins, less structure, more fruit "more feminine in style"

69

What are the important Piedmont DOCGs?

Barolo Barbaresco Gattinara ASti (full sparkling - charmat) Moscato d'Asti (frizzante) Barbera d'Asti Barbera del Monferrato Superiore Gavi Roero

70

What grape is often blended with Sangiovese wines from Tuscany?

Cabernet Sauvignon, adds power and tannins Heavy use in Super Tuscans

71

What are the classic (top) regions of Italy?

Piemont (Piedmont), Toscano (Tuscany), and Veneto

72

What is Friuli Venezia Giulia known for?

High quality varietal wines White: Pinot Grigio, Pinot Bianco

73

What are the DOCGs of Tuscany?

Chianti Chianti Classico Vino Nobile di Montepulciano Brunelle di Montalcino Morellino di Scansano Vernaccia di San Gimignano Associate all of these with Tuscan viticulture

74

In which DOCGs in Tuscany is Sangiovese the principal red grape?

Chianti, Chianti Classico, Carmignano, Vino Nobile di Montepulciano, Morellino di Scansano, and Montecucco Sangiovese

75

What is the sole red grape of Brunello di Montalcino DOCG?

Sangiovese

76

What is Italy's most planted white grape?

Trebbiano Toscano

77

What are the subzones of Chianti?

Classico, Rùfina, Colli Fiorentini, Colli Senesi, Colline Pisane, Colli Aretini, Montalbano, Montespertoli

78

What is governo?

refermentation with the juice of dried grapes, to strengthen the wine and initiate malolactic fermentation

Legally permitted in Chianti

79

What are the two most common types of soil in Chianti Classico?

  • soft, friable, marl-like galestro
  • alberese, or sandstone

80

What were the first Super Tuscans called?

  • Sassicaia
  • Tignanello

81

What are important Umbria appellations?

  • Torgiano Riserva DOCG
  • Sagrantino di Montefalco DOCG
  • Orvieto DOC

82

What are important appellations of the Marches? ("mark-ay")

  • Verdicchio
  • Vernaccia
  • Rosso

83

What is the top white and red grape of the Marches?

  • White: Verdicchio
  • Red: Montepulciano

84

What is the top white and red grape of Abruzzo?

White: Trebbiano d'Abruzzo

Red: Montepulciano

85

What are the important appellations of Campania?

  • Fiano di Avellino DOCG
  • Greco di Tufo DOCG
  • Taurasi DOCG
  • Aflianico del Taburno DOCG

86

What are is an important appellation of Apulia?

Negro Amaro

87

What is an important red grape of Sicily?

Nero d'Avola