What major regions are included in Southern Italy and the Islands?
- Sardegna (Sardinia)
- Sicilia (Sicily)
- Puglia (Apulia)
CCSSBP - Cape Cod Sits Silently By Photographs
What is The Bellini? Where did it originate?
- Sparkling wine cocktail
- Originated in Veneto
- Prosecco + white peach juice
What are the top regions/wines in Veneto?
- Soave DOC
- Valpolicella DOC
- Amarone della Valpolicella DOC
- Prosecco DOC
- Pinot Grigio della Venezia DOC
How is the terroir divided in Veneto?
- North: Cooler conditions (Italian Alps and Adriatic Sea)
- South: Flat plain, temperate climates (warming influence of Adriatic Sea)
- type of wine
- Red wine
- Uses Corvina grape
- Sometimes Rondinella and Molinara
Chianti Classico DOCG?
- types of wine
- covers the central area of Chianti
- original borders drawn up in 1716
- restrictive winemaking practices
- result: most complex/intense wines
- min. 85% sangiovese
- "gallo negro" seal = Chianti Classico growers association
Aged for a specified period longer than the minimum regional standards
What are three notable grapes in Tuscany besides Sangiovese and Cabernet Sauvignon?
- Vernaccia (white)
- Canaiolo (red - used to complement Sangiovese blends)
- Merlot (full bodied, rich, firm structure, ripe berries)
What are Italian wine laws referred to?
DOC Laws (loosely based on the French AOC laws)
What are some important DOCGs in Lombardy?
- Franciacorta (sparkling)
- Valtellina (nebbiolo reds)
What are imporant DOCGs in Lombardy?
- Valtellina Superiore DOCG (nebbiolo reds)
- Franciacorta DOCG (quality metodo classico sparkling)
- Sforzato di Valtellina
- Oltrepo Pavese Classico (traditional method sparkling)
Which region is the top-producing wine region in NE Italy?
What are important Piedmont DOCs?
- Nebbiolo d'Alba DOC
- Barbera d'Alba DOC
- Dolcetto d'Alba DOC
What is the top white grape in Piedmont? The top red?
- White: Moscato
- Red: Nebbiolo
What are the wines of Emilia Romagna?
- Albana di Romagna DOCG
- Sangiovese di Romagna based reds (not like Chianti)
What Italian region boasts more DOC and DOCG wines than any other region?
What is the flavor profile of Pinot Grigio from Veneto?
- lean acidic flavors
- green apples
- minerals stainless steel
What major regions are included in Northwestern Italy?
- Lombardia (Lombardy)
- Piemonte (Piedmont)
- Toscano (Tuscany)
- Valle d'Aosta
(Acronym: PV TELL)
What are the important DOCGs in Friuli?
- Ramandolo Picolit
Can represent a higher level of alcohol, longer aging, or a more specific appellation depending on the region the wine comes from
A style of white dessert wine made from dried out grapes to concentrate their sugar content.
What major regions are included in Central Italy?
- Marche (The Marches)
- Lazio (Latium)
(Acronym: MMLAU - my mother likes a unicorn)
Which grape is the most widely grown grape in Piedmont?
What are the Goria laws?
- Agricultural Minister Giovanni Goria
- Enacted in 1992 to address shortcomings of the DOC system (Vino da Tavola Revolt)
- Introduction of the IGT
- Producers can petition for DOC status using the IGT designation
- Didn't address yield issues, changes in progress
What flavors are significant regarding Sangiovese from Tuscany?
- Med.-Full Bodied
- Dried Cherries
What are the top red grapes from Tuscany?
- Sangiovese (Brunello)
- Cabernet Sauvignon
What are some clonal names for sangiovese?
What major regions are included in Northeastern Italy?
- Friuli-Venezia Giulia (Friuli)
- Trentino-Alto Adige
FTV - Friends Travel (in) Vans
Lower Quality Wines Made with Very Few Restrictions "Table Wines"
Vino da Tavola
What is significant about Tuscany when compared to Piedmont?
- Piedmont = traditional winemakers
- Tuscan wine industry = modern winemaking
- Super Tuscans = 1970s and 1980s
- Forced changes in DOC laws
Which wines is Piedmont famous for?
- Sweet, sparkling white wines (Asti DOCG)
- annic, powerful reds (Barolo DOCG and Barbaresco DOC)
What are important Friuli Venezia Giulia DOCGs?
Ramandolo (Verduzzo) Picolt & Picolit-Gialla
Typically a wine that comes from a traditional or more restrictive area inside a recognized region
What is notable about Lombardy?
-Produces some of Italy's top wines -Sparkling -Uses metodo classico (same as Champagne)
What is the difference between Asti and Moscato d'Asti?
They are both made from 100% Moscato grapes. Asti is less sweet with higher alcohol and more carbonated Both are best consumed young
What is significant about the Nebbiolo wines produced in Piedmont?
Extremely tannic, acidic, full-bodied, high in alcohol Intensely flavored, complex, dark fruit notes, wet earth, truffle oil, violets, star anise Quality production is limited to Piedmont
What type of wine is Veneto known for?
Pinot Grigio from vineyards near Venice, also makes sparkling and intense reds
What is the climate in Tuscany?
Temperate to warm with a Mediterranean influence
What are important Veneto DOCs?
What is significant about the Barolo DOCG?
100% Nebbiolo Wine must be aged a minimum of three years before being released (2 must be in a barrel) Extended bottle aging will result in softer structure and breathtaking complexity
What is the Charmat method?
Double fermentation similar to methode champenoise - the second fermentation take place inside large, pressurized tank to create carbonation (not in a bottle) Result: clean and fruity but no yeast like Champagne
What were the major setbacks for Italian winemaking?
1) Phylloxera (late 1800s and early 1900s) 2) Two world wars/worldwide depression
What grape is used to make Prosecco?
Strictest and Top Quality Classification (Only a Select Few Appellations), adds a Guarantee, wine is approved by gov't tasting panel
Italian Wine Terms: Vino rosso Vino bianco Vino rasato
Vino rosso - Red Wine Vino bianco - White Wine Vino rasato - Rose Wine
What is the climate in Piedmont?
Continental due to the mountains that surround it. Piedmont means "foot of the mountain"
What are the top grapes in Veneto?
White: Pinot Grigio Red: Corvina
What two wines are made with the recioto process? How are they different?
Recioto della Valpolicella DOC - fermentation is stopped before completed (results in a sweet wine/fruit flavor) Amarone della Calpolicella DOC - fermentation carried out until the wine is dry (highly tannic, rich with dried dark fruit notes)
(Veneto) 1) Winemakers harvest 2) Grapes dry out in bunches -Climate controlled rooms 3) Become raisins, lose water content 4) Crushed/Fermented
What is unique about the Gavi DOCG?
Produces a dry, white wine 100% Cortese Expensive, rich, complex
What are the main grape varietals in Soave DOC?
Veneto White wine - Garganega Blended with Trebbiano
What are other notable grapes from Piedmont (beside Nebbiolo and Moscato)?
Cortese - white, light bodied acidity (ripe citrus fruit) Barbera - red workhorse grape, best in Piedmont Dolcetto - high quality red
What is significant about the Moscato d'Asti wines from Piedmont?
Sweet, soft, sparkling From Asti DOCG Burst with ripe, tropical fruit & stone fruit flavors Slight soapy scent Low in alcohol Fermentations are stopped early
What are the four quality classifications of the DOC laws?
DOCG, DOC, IGT, and vino da tavola
How is Prosecco made?
Veneto Charmat method
What is unique to Piedmont wines?
Single variety wines (very few blends), similar to Burgundy, wines show the unique terroir of small, classified regions.
Better-Quality Wines Made Under Fairly Loose Restrictions (no restrictions on grapes used)
Strict and High Quality Classification, (appellations, grape varieties, yields, winemaking, aging, and more)
What are the top regions/wines from Tuscany?
Chianti DOCG Chianto Classico DOCG Brunello di Montalcino DOCG Toscano IGT - the Super Tuscans
What are the top wine regions in Piedmont?
Asti DOCG/Moscato d'Asti DOCG Dolcetto d'Alba DOC Barbera d'Alba DOC Barolo DOCF Barbaresco DOCG
What grape varietal and percentage is in wines from the Chianti DOCG?
What is the flavor profile of Corvina?
From Veneto light-bodied, acidic wine (cool-climate red grape) concentrated red fruit smoky sometimes made in vin santo fasion
What is significant about Brunello di Monalcino DOCG?
brunello = 'little brown one' = local name for sangiovese clone grown there -strictese regulation on yield/aging -wines aged 4 years (2 in wood) very structured wines, intense tannins, complex, earthy flavors
A type of dessert wine produced from grapes that have been dried out before crushing to concentrate their sugar content.
What is unique about the Barbaresco DOCG region?
100% Nebbiolo More temperate climate = softer tannins, less structure, more fruit "more feminine in style"
What are the important Piedmont DOCGs?
Barolo Barbaresco Gattinara ASti (full sparkling - charmat) Moscato d'Asti (frizzante) Barbera d'Asti Barbera del Monferrato Superiore Gavi Roero
What grape is often blended with Sangiovese wines from Tuscany?
Cabernet Sauvignon, adds power and tannins Heavy use in Super Tuscans
What are the classic (top) regions of Italy?
Piemont (Piedmont), Toscano (Tuscany), and Veneto
What is Friuli Venezia Giulia known for?
High quality varietal wines White: Pinot Grigio, Pinot Bianco
What are the DOCGs of Tuscany?
Chianti Chianti Classico Vino Nobile di Montepulciano Brunelle di Montalcino Morellino di Scansano Vernaccia di San Gimignano Associate all of these with Tuscan viticulture
In which DOCGs in Tuscany is Sangiovese the principal red grape?
Chianti, Chianti Classico, Carmignano, Vino Nobile di Montepulciano, Morellino di Scansano, and Montecucco Sangiovese
What is the sole red grape of Brunello di Montalcino DOCG?
What is Italy's most planted white grape?
What are the subzones of Chianti?
Classico, Rùfina, Colli Fiorentini, Colli Senesi, Colline Pisane, Colli Aretini, Montalbano, Montespertoli
What is governo?
refermentation with the juice of dried grapes, to strengthen the wine and initiate malolactic fermentation
Legally permitted in Chianti
What are the two most common types of soil in Chianti Classico?
- soft, friable, marl-like galestro
alberese, or sandstone
What were the first Super Tuscans called?
What are important Umbria appellations?
- Torgiano Riserva DOCG
- Sagrantino di Montefalco DOCG
- Orvieto DOC
What are important appellations of the Marches? ("mark-ay")
What is the top white and red grape of the Marches?
- White: Verdicchio
- Red: Montepulciano
What is the top white and red grape of Abruzzo?
White: Trebbiano d'Abruzzo
What are the important appellations of Campania?
- Fiano di Avellino DOCG
- Greco di Tufo DOCG
- Taurasi DOCG
- Aflianico del Taburno DOCG
What are is an important appellation of Apulia?
What is an important red grape of Sicily?