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Flashcards in Australia Deck (25):
1

Where is wine produced in Australia?

  • Southern 10% of the country
  • more temperate regions
  • Below the 30th parallel of latitude

 

2

What is the top white grape of Australia?

Chardonnay

3

What is the top red grape of Australia?

  • Shiraz
  • Cabernet Sauvignon

4

What are the top regions of Australia?

  • Western Australia
    • Margaret River
  • South Australia
    • Barossa Valley
    • Eden Valley
    • Clare Valley
    • McLaren Vale
    • Coonawarra
  • Victoria
  • New South Wales
    • Hunter Valley

5

Where does Australia rank in terms of world wine production?

6th

6

What are the major historic events in Australia leading up to wine production?

  • 1788 - Wine planted in Sydney from S. Africa
  • Late 1800s - Phylloxera in Victoria/New S. Wales
  • 1900 - Sweet fortified wines
  • 1960s - Followed world in dry varietal wines. Birth of Shiraz
  • 1980s - Penfold's Grange Shiraz

7

Why has Australian wine had such success in the US?

  • Inexpensive wines (international currency exchange)
  • Easy to understand
  • Made specifically for Americans

8

What percentage of grape varietal listed on a label must be in a wine?

Recognized wine region?

  • 85%
  • 85%

9

What is the Australian wine classification system?

Geographic Indications (GI) - similar to AVA

10

What is significant about Chardonnay produced in Australia?

  • Can range widely in style and quality
  • Cooler climate = reserved and acidity

11

What is significant abouit Shiraz produced in Australia?

  • Heat loving grape
  • Ripe and cooked berry fruit
  • Rich body
  • High alcohol

12

What is significant about Cabernet Sauvignon produced in Australia?

  • Powerful
  • Rich
  • Dark fruit
  • Noticeably soft tannin structure

13

What is the soil like in Australia?

  • Acidic
  • High in salinity
  • Because = erosion
  • Result: limits yields = higher quality wine

14

What are the top wine producing regions and wine styles in W. Australia?

  • Margaret River
    • Maritime influence (Indian Ocean/S. Ocean)
    • Dry red wines (Shiraz/Cab Sauv)
    • Complex Chardonnay
  • Swan River Valley GI
    • Hot/lack of rainfall
    • Fortified wines/jug wines

15

What are the top producing wine regions in South Australia?

  • Barossa Valley
  • Eden Valley
  • McLaren Vale
  • Clare Valley
  • Coonawarra

16

What is the primary grape varietal in Barossa Valley?

Grape(s)

Climate

Subregion

  • Shiraz, Grenache, Cab Sauv
  • Warm, dry climate
  • Subregional GI Eden Valley
    • Cooler climats/high elevation
    • high-quality, dry Riesling
    • legendary Shiraz

17

What is significant about Clare Valley?

Climate

Grape

  • Temperate to cool climate
  • Long, sunny days
  • Dry Rieslings
  • Full-bodied complex Cab Sauv and Shiraz

18

What is significant of McLaren Vale?

Climate

Grape(s)

  • Coastal region = warm climate
  • Wide Range: Shiraz, Cabernet, light white, dessert

19

What is significant of Coonawarra GI?

Location

Soil

Grape

  • Southernmost winemaking zone of S. Australia
  • Terra rossa soil (red clay and sand)
  • Cabernet Sauv.

20

Stickies

  • Before 1960s
    • Sweet, fortified wines
    • Muscat
    • Tokay (Muscadelle)
  • Victoria still produces Stickies

21

What are some notable GIs in Victoria?

  • Yarra Valley (Pinot Noir)
  • Rutherglen: (Stickies)

22

What is significant of the Victoria Zone?

  • Climate
  • Wine Style
  • GIs

  • Cool Maritime (coastal)
  • Hot Mediterranean (inland)
  • Fortified Wines
  • Yarra Valley: Pinot Noir, Chard, Cab Sauv
  • Rutherglen (stickies)

23

What is significant of New South Wales?

  • Main City
  • Climate
  • GIs / Grape Varietals

  • Sydney
  • Warm and muggy
  • GIs:
    • Hunter Valley
      • Upper Hunter Valley - Chardonnay
      • Lower Hunter Valley - Shiraz/Semillon
    • Riverina - bulk wines + fortified wines

24

Tasmania

  • Climate
  • Grapes

  • Small amount of wine production
  • Cool climate
  • High quality
  • Pinot Noir, Chardonnay, Sparkling

25

Western Australia

  • GI
  • Grapes
  • Terroir

  • Margaret River
  • White: Chard, Ries
  • Red: Cab Sauv
  • Marine Influenced