Flashcards in Anatomy - Circulatory System Deck (65):
______ _________ are the only component of plasma that cannot pass through the capillary membrane to reach the cells.
What are the three formed elements of blood?
The main component of erythrocytes is _____, which gives blood its color.
What is the most numerous formed element of blood?
_____ are clear white blood cells that do not contain hemoglobin.
Which type of lymphocytes respond to the presence of foreign substances that produce antibodies.
Which type of lymphocytes destroy foreign substances directly?
Many middle-aged people now regularly take ______ to reduce the risk of coronary clots that lead to myocardial infarction.
______ helps maintain the water balance between blood and tissues and regulate blood volume.
The ______ is the blunt rounded point of the heart.
The _____ is the larger flat portion at the opposite end of the apex of the heart.
Diastole is the _____ phase of the heart.
Systole is the ____ phase of the heart.
The ______ carry blood from the body to the right atrium.
Superior and inferior vena cavae
The ______ carries blood from the walls of the heart to the right atrium.
The _____ carries blood from the left ventricle to the body.
The right and left coronary arteries exit the _____ and supply the heart muscle with oxygen nutrients.
The _______ valves allow blood to flow from the atria to the ventricles.
Where is the tricuspid valve located?
Between the right atrium and the right ventricle
Where is the bicuspid valve located?
Between left atrium and left ventricle
The ____ valves meet in the center of the artery to block blood flow.
What are the steps of the pulmonary circuit?
Right atrium, tricuspid valve, right ventricle, pulmonary semilunar valve, pulmonary truck, right and left pulmonary arteries, lung capillaries, pulmonary veins, left atrium
The ____ atrium contracts to fill the ventricles.
What are the three layers of the blood vessel?
An _____ is a thin, weakened area of the wall of an artery or vein that bulges outward, forming a balloon-like sac.
Conducting arteries are ____ elastic arteries.
Distributing arteries are ____ arteries.
Small to medium
The ______ _____ circulation detours venous blood from the organs of the gastrointestinal system and spleen through the liver before it returns to the heart.
Atrial fibrillation decreases blood flow by ___.
Left side of the heart pumps to the ___.
Right side of the heart pumps to the _____.
The bicuspid is located on the ___ side of the heart.
The tricuspid is located on the ____ side of the heart.
____ are vessels that leave the heart.
____ are vessels that come to the heart.
_____ valves leave the ventricles of the heart.
The pulmonic valve is found leaving the ____ ventricle.
Systemic loop starts when it leaves the ____ side of the heart
What is the outermost layer of the heart?
The innermost layer of the heart is the?
Left sided heart failure backs up into the _____.
Right sided heart failure backs up Into the ___.
Main sign of left sided heart failure is?
Fluid in lungs
_____ is the most common cause of left sided heart failure.
____ is the most common cause of right sided heart failure.
Left sided heart failure
An _____ occurs at "dead ends" of hands and feet.
_____ are the only vessels that ooze and leak.
What is the only vessel that is under neutral pressure?
Capillary sphincters open completely with the presence of increased ____.
What are the steps of blood flow from artery to vein?
Artery, arteriolar, capillaries, veinuole, vein
____% of blood is plasma.
_____% of blood is red blood cells.
____% of blood is white blood cells.
The _____ artery supplies blood to the posterior portion of the heart.
The coronary arteries are fed via the relaxation (diastolic) phase of the?
The heart is located?
____ of the heart lies left of the midline of sternum.
What are the two types of cells in the heart?
What is the pathway of an electrical current in the nodes of the heart?
SA, AV, Bundle of his, Bundle branches, Purkinje Fibers
The ____ is the normal pacemaker of the heart.
The _____ node of the heart acts as the "stopsign" for electrical current to allow mechanical cells in Atrium to contract.
The intrinsic rate of the SA node of the heart is?
The intrinsic rate of the AV node of the heart is?
The intrinsic rate of the Purkinje fibers of the heart is?