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Exam 1/2 Anatomy and Physiology > Review > Flashcards

Flashcards in Review Deck (43):
1

Pharmacodynamics

Study of how a drug acts on living things

2

Parenteral

Point of entry outside the GI tract

3

Potentiation

One drug increases the affect of another drug

4

1970

Controlled substance act

5

Enteral

Within GI tract

6

Pharmacokinetics

Study of how the body handles a drug over time

7

1906

Pure food and drug act

8

1938

Food, drug, and cosmetics act

9

Appendicular

Contains most of our 206 bones

10

PNS is ANS sensory and ????

Somatic (motor nerves)

11

Diencephalon

Thalamus and hypothalamus

12

Dermatome

Nerve innervation (isolation) to a given region of the skin

13

Sinuses superior to eyes

Frontal

14

Phrenic nerve

C4

15

Arachnoid

Middle layer of meningeal covering

16

Nipple line

T4

17

Origin

Attachment of muscle to bone where the movement is the least

18

Insertion

Attachment of muscle to bone where the movement is the most

19

EMTS program director

Dr. Sherman

20

Optic nerve

CN II

21

Diffusion

Solute from a high to low

22

Osmosis

Solvent moves from a low to high solute

23

Active transport

Solute from a low to high

24

Therapeutic Index

Relative safety of the drug. Lethal dose and effective dose

25

Therapeutic Range

Concentration of a drug that provides the highest probability of response with the least risk of toxicity

26

Synergism

Combined action of two drugs that is greater than the sum of each agent acting alone

27

Pharmacokinetic

The movement of drugs through the body

28

Emulsion

Fat or oil suspended particles in liquid

29

Neurotransmitter of brain for mood/depression

Serotonin

30

Neurotransmitter of brain when decreased leads to tremors

Dopamine

31

Medical director

Dr. Sherman

32

Baroreceptors are found in?

Heart, aorta, carotid

33

Acidosis is the condition in which the bicarbonate level is increased and the carbonic acid level is decreased. True or false?

False

34

An excessive increase in cell size is called?

Hypertrophy

35

Energy in the cells is stored in the form of?

ATP

36

When tissue is injured, mast cells discharge granules, such as histamine. True or False?

True

37

Neurotransmitter norephrine is for?

Adrenergic

38

Which 1906 act by the US congress was enacted to protect the public from mislabeling?

Pure food and drug act

39

Drugs administered orally are classified as?

Enteral

40

Any drug that causes a physiological response is called?

Agonist

41

What Is the neurotransmitter at the preganglionic fiber?

Acetylcholine

42

Chemoreceptors provide negative feedback to regulate?

pH Levels

43

Synergism

The combined action of 2 or more drugs that make them all greater