Anatomy - Nervous System Flashcards Preview

Exam 1/2 Anatomy and Physiology > Anatomy - Nervous System > Flashcards

Flashcards in Anatomy - Nervous System Deck (71):
1

What are the components of the brain stem?

Medulla oblongata
Pons
Midbrain

2

What are the components of the diencephalon?

Thalamus
Hypothalamus

3

The _____ is the most inferior portion of the brain stem.

Medulla

4

The _____ nervous system is made up of sensory, (somatic) motor, and (autonomic) connective nerves.

Peripheral

5

Sensory nerves are afferent or efferent?

Afferent

6

Somatic nerves are also known as ___ nerves?

Motor

7

The somatic nervous system regulates?

Voluntary activities

8

The automatic nervous system controls?

Involuntary body functions

9

Which nervous system controls smooth muscle?

Autonomic

10

_____ lobe of the brain controls motor function.

Frontal

11

What part of the brain is responsible for emotion?

Prefrontal cortex

12

Which lobe of the brain is responsible for hearing?

Temporal

13

Which lobe of the brain is the primary sensory lobe?

Parietal

14

What occurs in the central sulcus?

Sensory information turing into motor

15

Which lobe is responsible for vision?

Occipital

16

There are ____pairs of nerves?

43

17

____ pairs of nerves originate from the brain?

12

18

____ pairs of nerves originate from spinal cord.

31

19

What are the components of the central nervous system?

Brain,brain stem, and spinal cord

20

What are the functions of the medulla?

ALL VITALS EXPECT FOR TEMP
Anything up/down throat

21

Which part of the brain houses the sleep and respiratory center?

Pons

22

____ is a cluster of grey matter located outside of the central nervous system.

Ganglia

23

_____ is the preganglionic neurotransmitter for parasympathetic.

Acetylcholine

24

_____ is the post ganglionic neurotransmitter for parasympathetic.

Acetylcholine

25

______ is the post ganglionic neurotrasmitter for sympathetic.

Nor-Epi

26

What are crainal nerves responsible for?

Parasympathetic

27

Parasympathetic is also known as?

Cholinergic

28

Sympathetic is also known as?

Adrenergic

29

Musterin is a want to be _________ drug.

Cholinergic

30

Nicotinic is a want to be_____ drug.

Adrenergic

31

The _____ relays information from the cerebrum to cerebellum.

Pons

32

The _____ is the smallest region of the brain stem.

Midbrain

33

A group of nuclei scattered throughout the brain stem is known as?

Reticular Formation

34

____ are clusters of gray matter found in CNS.

Nuclei

35

What is the function of the reticular formation?

Sleep-wake cycle and in maintaining consciousness

36

The _____ is found between the brain stem and cerebrum.

Diencephalon

37

What are the two parts of the diencephalon?

Thalamus
Hypothalamus

38

Which part of the diencephalon receives sensory input and relays impulses to the cerebral cortex?

Thalamus

39

Which part of the diencephalon influences mood, general body movements, and strong emotions?

Thalamus

40

The _______ is the "gate keeper" to the cerebrum.

Hypothalamus

41

Which part of the diencephalon is responsible for temperature regulation, sexual activity, hormonal cycles?

Hypothalamus

42

What is included in the limbic system ?

Portions of cerebrum and diencephalon

43

The limbic system influences?

Emotions
Motivation
Mood
Sensations of pain and pleasure

44

The _____ is the second largest part of the human brain.

Cerebellum

45

The major functions of the cerebellum include:

Maintenance of posture
Maintenance of equilibrium
Fine coordination and precise control of muscle movements

46

Central _____ matter consists of nerve cell bodies and dendrites.

Gray

47

Peripheral _____ matter consists of nerve tracts.

White

48

____ root conveys afferent nerve processes to the cord.

Dorsal

49

______ root conveys efferent nerve processes away from the cord.

Ventral

50

___ root ganglia contains the cell bodies of sensory neurons.

Dorsal

51

The _____ mater is the most superficial and thickest layer.

Dura

52

____ mater is the third meningeal layer.

Pia

53

The ______ lobe is responsible for hearing,

Temporal

54

The ___ lobe is responsible for vision.

Occipital

55

The ___ is the primary reflex center.

Spinal cord

56

Posterior spinal cord = ____

Sensory

57

Anterior spinal cord = _____

Motor

58

The ____ space has CSF.

Sub arachnoid

59

Which meninges is attached to the brain?

Pia

60

The ___ nervous system collects information from inside body and body surface.

Peripheral

61

____ map sensory nerves.

Dermatomes

62

CN II is?

Optic Nerve

63

CN III is?

Eye movement pointing up

64

CN X is?

Vagus

65

CN V is?

Chewing

66

CN IX is?

Sticking out tongue/mouth

67

CN XII is?

Under tongue

68

CN VI is?

Eye movement to the sides

69

CN IV is?

Crossed eyed - movement looking to nose

70

_____ is the chief nerve of the parasympathetic system.

Vagus

71

CN XI?

Shrugs shoulders