Anatomy - Respiratory System Flashcards Preview

Exam 1/2 Anatomy and Physiology > Anatomy - Respiratory System > Flashcards

Flashcards in Anatomy - Respiratory System Deck (32):
1

The ___ is the uppermost portion of the airway, behind the nasal cavities.

Nasopharynx

2

The _____ separates the right and left cavities and warms and humidifies the nasal lining.

Nasopharynx

3

The upper airway is located above the?

Glottis

4

The lower airway is located below the?

Glottis

5

The hypopharynx is also known as?

The larygnopharynx

6

Eustachian tubes are found?

From inner ear to nose

7

The frontal sinus are located?

Above eyes

8

The Maxillary sinuses are located?

Side of nose

9

What is the benefit of breathing through oropharynx?

Greater volume

10

Where is the oropharynx located?

Level of uvula and extends down epiglottis

11

The ____ extends from the tip of the epiglottis to the glottis and esophagus.

Laryngopharnyx

12

Gargling takes place in the?

Hypopharynx (laryngopharynx)

13

The base of the larynx is the?

Cricoid cartilage

14

The _____ membrane joins the thyroid and cricoid cartilages.

Cricothyroid

15

The ______ folds are the false vocal cords.

Vestibular

16

The ____ primary bronchus is shorter, wider, and more vertical.

Right

17

What is pulmonary surfactant?

Thin film that coats the alveoli; is produced at 34 weeks

18

What is the function of pulmonary surfactant?

Prevents alveoli from collapsing; air on one side fluid on other

19

The ___ lung is slightly smaller and is divided into two lobes.

Left

20

_____ serves as a passageway for both respiratory ad digestive system.

Pharynx

21

The ______ pleura covers the lung tissue and is smooth, most epithelial layer.

visceral

22

The _____ pleura lines the ribs.

Parietal

23

The active phase of breathing is?

Inhalation

24

The passive phase of breathing is?

Exhalation

25

How does a childs airway compare to an adults?

It is more superiorly and anteriorly located
Trachea is more flexible
Tongue is larger

26

Smallest opening in adult airway is the?

Glottis

27

Smallest opening in a childs airway is?

Cricoidcartilage ring

28

Adult age for CPR is?

Puberty (12-14)

29

Vital sign age ranges for an adult are?

8 and up

30

Normal breathing rate for an adult is?

12-20

31

Normal breathing rates for a child is?

15-30

32

Normal breathing for an infant is?

25-50