Anatomy - Digestion Flashcards Preview

Exam 1/2 Anatomy and Physiology > Anatomy - Digestion > Flashcards

Flashcards in Anatomy - Digestion Deck (29):
1

What is the first section of the small intestine?

Duodenum

2

Muscular contractions push food through the esophagus into the stomach via _______.

Peristalsis

3

What is the purpose of the small intestine?

To absorb minerals, vitamins, electrolytes, "good stuff"

4

What is the function of hydrochloric acid?

Kills bacteria and activates protein digesting enzyme pepsin

5

The ____ ______ assists In absorption of vitamin b12.

Intrinsic factor

6

What is the purpose of the large intestine?

Absorption of water and turning chyme into feces

7

In digestion, _____ stimulates flow of gastric juice.

Gastrin

8

In digestion, _____ begins digestion of protein by breakdown of peptide bonds.

Pepsinogen

9

Relaxation of the _______ sphincter allows chyme to enter duodenum.

Pyloric

10

What organs are in RUQ?

Liver, gall bladder, colon

11

What organs are in LUQ?

Stomach, pancreas, spleen, colon

12

What organs are in RLQ?

Appendix
Colon
R. Ovary

13

What organs are In LLQ?

Colon
L ovary

14

Where does the liver receive blood from?

Hepatic artery and portal vein

15

Saliva contains the digestive enzyme _______ which begins the chemical breakdown of carbs to glucose.

Amylase

16

The _____ secretes bile.

Liver

17

_______ breaks down fats into smaller units.

Emulsification

18

Where is Gastrin located?

Lining of stomach

19

_____ stimulates release of hydrochloric acid.

Gastrin

20

The _____ stores bile created by the liver.

Gallbladder

21

What are the three parts of the small intestine?

Duodenum, jejunum, ileum

22

____ emulsifies fats and dilutes stomach acid.

Bile

23

The gallbladder is stimulated to contract by?

Secretin

24

The gallbladder excretes bile into?

Small intestine

25

What is the exocrine function of the pancreas?

Secretion of pancreatic juice (amylase, sodium bicarbonate)

26

What is the endocrine function of the pancreas?

Secretion of insulin and glucagon

27

Which vitamins are absorbed in large intestine?

Vitamin K and B

28

The proximal spinchter of the stomach is?

Cardiac

29

The distal sphincter of the stomach is?

Pyloric