Flashcards in Anatomy - Digestion Deck (29):
What is the first section of the small intestine?
Muscular contractions push food through the esophagus into the stomach via _______.
What is the purpose of the small intestine?
To absorb minerals, vitamins, electrolytes, "good stuff"
What is the function of hydrochloric acid?
Kills bacteria and activates protein digesting enzyme pepsin
The ____ ______ assists In absorption of vitamin b12.
What is the purpose of the large intestine?
Absorption of water and turning chyme into feces
In digestion, _____ stimulates flow of gastric juice.
In digestion, _____ begins digestion of protein by breakdown of peptide bonds.
Relaxation of the _______ sphincter allows chyme to enter duodenum.
What organs are in RUQ?
Liver, gall bladder, colon
What organs are in LUQ?
Stomach, pancreas, spleen, colon
What organs are in RLQ?
What organs are In LLQ?
Where does the liver receive blood from?
Hepatic artery and portal vein
Saliva contains the digestive enzyme _______ which begins the chemical breakdown of carbs to glucose.
The _____ secretes bile.
_______ breaks down fats into smaller units.
Where is Gastrin located?
Lining of stomach
_____ stimulates release of hydrochloric acid.
The _____ stores bile created by the liver.
What are the three parts of the small intestine?
Duodenum, jejunum, ileum
____ emulsifies fats and dilutes stomach acid.
The gallbladder is stimulated to contract by?
The gallbladder excretes bile into?
What is the exocrine function of the pancreas?
Secretion of pancreatic juice (amylase, sodium bicarbonate)
What is the endocrine function of the pancreas?
Secretion of insulin and glucagon
Which vitamins are absorbed in large intestine?
Vitamin K and B
The proximal spinchter of the stomach is?