Anatomy - Skeletal System Flashcards Preview

Exam 1/2 Anatomy and Physiology > Anatomy - Skeletal System > Flashcards

Flashcards in Anatomy - Skeletal System Deck (98):
1

What do ligaments connect?

Bone to bone

2

How many bones are found in the human body?

206

3

How many bones are found in the human skull?

28

4

What is the hyoid bone?

It is where the parietal and temporal bones are paired

5

What makes the hyoid bone unique?

It has no articulations with other bones

6

How many bones are found in the vertebrae?

26

7

What do tendons connect?

Muscle to bone

8

How many bones are found in the cervical vertebrae?

7

9

How many bones are found in the thoracic vertebrae?

12

10

How many bones are found in the lumbar vertebrae?

5

11

How many bones are found in the sacral vertebrae?

5 vertebrae

12

How many bones are found in the coccygeal vertebrae?

5

13

What serves as shock absorbers for the spine?

Intervertebral disks

14

The ________ protects the spinal cord.

Vertebral arch

15

The ____ extends laterally from each side of the arch.

Transverse process

16

The _______ process is located at the point of junction.

Spinous

17

What is the palpable part of the spinal column?

Spinous process

18

There are how many pairs of ribs in the human body?

12

19

Which ribs are called true ribs?

Superior - 7 total

20

Which ribs are false ribs?

Inferior - 5 total

21

Which ribs are the floating ribs?

11 and 12

22

What are the three parts of the Sternum?

Manubrium
Body
Xiphoid Process

23

Where is the jugular notch located?

Superior portion of the manubrium

24

Where is the point at which the manubrium joins the body of the sternum?

Sternal angle (Angle of lois)

25

Where is the second rib found?

Lateral to the sternal angle (angle of lois)

26

The ______ skeleton consists of the bones of the upper and lower extremities and their girdles.

Appendicular

27

The _____ girdle is comprised of the scapula and clavicle.

Pectoral

28

What is the second largest bone in the body?

Humerus

29

The ________ articulates with the radius and ulna at the distal end.

Humerus

30

Which bone is the medial side of the forearm?

Ulna

31

Which bone is the lateral side of the forearm bone?

Radius

32

The ______ transmits the weight of the truck to lower limbs and protects the abdominal and pelvic organs.

Pelvic Girdle

33

The superior portion of the ilium is the ______.

Iliac crest

34

What is the longest and strongest bone in the skeleton?

Femur

35

The _____ is the medial bone of the lower leg.

Tibia

36

The _________ is the lateral bone of the lower leg.

Fibula

37

Which bone, tibia or fibula, is non-weight bearing?

Fibula

38

Which bone is also known as the heel?

Calcaneous

39

What type of joints consist of two bones, united by fibrous tissue, that have little or no movement?

Fibrous

40

Where can fibrous joints be found?

Sutures
Tooth socket
Between ulna and radius

41

Which joint type is completely immobile?

Fibrous

42

Which joint type allows slight movement?

Cartilaginous

43

Which joint unites two bones by means of cartilage?

Cartilaginous

44

Where are cartilaginous joints found?

Epiphyseal plate
Between manubrium and sternum body

45

Which joint type allows considerable movement between articulating bones?

Synovial

46

There are ________ types of synovial joints.

6

47

Which joints are considered synovial joints?

Plane or gliding joints
Saddle joints
Hinge Joints
Pivot Joints
Ball-and-socket joints
Ellipsoid Joints

48

Where are plane or gliding joints found?

Between vertebrae

49

Where are saddle joints found?

Joint of thumb

50

Where are hinge joints found?

Fingers, toes, and knee

51

Where are the pivot joints found?

Joints of the ulna and radius

52

Where are the ball-and-socket joints found?

Shoulder and hip

53

Where are ellipsoid joints found?

Bottom of skull attached to vertebrae

54

What is the largest bone of the leg?

Tibia

55

What is the largest bone of the lower extremity?

Femur

56

The _____ is the most commonly fractured bone in multi-system trauma.

Clavicle

57

Which part of the sternum is also known as the sword?

Xiphoid process

58

What is Rickets Disease?

Calcium deficiency in children

59

What is the term for pre-osteoporosis?

Osteomalasia

60

Which vitamin is important for osteoblasts?

Vitamin A

61

Which vitamin is required for collagen fibers?

Vitamin C

62

Which vitamin aids in the small intestines ability to absorb calcium?

Vitamin D

63

An ______ is a mature bone-growing cell.

Osteocyte

64

_____ are active bone-growing cells.

Osteoblasts

65

_______ erode bone for increase of blood calcium.

Osteoclasts

66

What are the 5 types of bone?

Long
Short
Flat
Irregular
Sesamoid

67

_____ bones contain red bone marrow.

Flat

68

Epiphysis bone is made of?

Spongy bone

69

Diaphysis bone is made of?

Compact bone

70

Red bone marrow makes?

Red and white blood cells
Platelets

71

Yellow marrow is found in?

Long bones

72

________ bone splinters.

Irregular

73

______ bones are bones created by constant irritation of a ligament.

Sesamoid

74

The ______ bone is located at the base of the tongue.

Hyoid

75

Where is the coronal suture located?

Lining forehead on skull

76

The _______ is the base of the larynx.

Cricoid cartilage ring

77

Cricoid pressure is ______ recommended.

Never

78

Sellecks maneuver is also known as?

Cricoid cartilage pressure

79

When would sellecks maneuver recommended?

Intubation - better visibility of airway

80

The ________ houses the spinal cord.

Vertebral foremen

81

Which part of the vertebral bone supports weight?

Vertebral body

82

Where C7 located?

First felt spinous process from neck

83

Cervical vertebrae are different from others due to having?

Bi-fid

84

Which vertebral foreman contain blood vessels and are located at or above the heart?

Intravertebral foreman

85

What is the purpose of the transverse process?

Anchors for muscles

86

What are the 4 spinal regions?

Cervical
Thoracic
Lumbar
Sacral

87

C1 is also known as?

Atlas

88

C2 is also known as?

Axis

89

The ______ is the "stand" attached to the skull.

Atlas (C1)

90

The ____ of C2 is also known as the odontoid process.

Dens

91

What are the parts of the fingers starting from tips down?

Phalanges
Metacarpals
Carpals

92

Distal end of the tibia forms _____ malleolus.

Medial

93

Distal end of the fibula forms the ______ malleolus.

Lateral

94

The _______ articulates with tibia and fibula.

Talus

95

The _________ is located inferior and lateral to talus.

Calcaneous

96

What are the thee major classification of joints?

Fibrous
Cartilaginous
Synovial

97

Which joint allows for most movement?

Synovial

98

Bursa sacs are found in which joints?

Synovial