Flashcards in Anatomy - Skeletal System Deck (98):
What do ligaments connect?
Bone to bone
How many bones are found in the human body?
How many bones are found in the human skull?
What is the hyoid bone?
It is where the parietal and temporal bones are paired
What makes the hyoid bone unique?
It has no articulations with other bones
How many bones are found in the vertebrae?
What do tendons connect?
Muscle to bone
How many bones are found in the cervical vertebrae?
How many bones are found in the thoracic vertebrae?
How many bones are found in the lumbar vertebrae?
How many bones are found in the sacral vertebrae?
How many bones are found in the coccygeal vertebrae?
What serves as shock absorbers for the spine?
The ________ protects the spinal cord.
The ____ extends laterally from each side of the arch.
The _______ process is located at the point of junction.
What is the palpable part of the spinal column?
There are how many pairs of ribs in the human body?
Which ribs are called true ribs?
Superior - 7 total
Which ribs are false ribs?
Inferior - 5 total
Which ribs are the floating ribs?
11 and 12
What are the three parts of the Sternum?
Where is the jugular notch located?
Superior portion of the manubrium
Where is the point at which the manubrium joins the body of the sternum?
Sternal angle (Angle of lois)
Where is the second rib found?
Lateral to the sternal angle (angle of lois)
The ______ skeleton consists of the bones of the upper and lower extremities and their girdles.
The _____ girdle is comprised of the scapula and clavicle.
What is the second largest bone in the body?
The ________ articulates with the radius and ulna at the distal end.
Which bone is the medial side of the forearm?
Which bone is the lateral side of the forearm bone?
The ______ transmits the weight of the truck to lower limbs and protects the abdominal and pelvic organs.
The superior portion of the ilium is the ______.
What is the longest and strongest bone in the skeleton?
The _____ is the medial bone of the lower leg.
The _________ is the lateral bone of the lower leg.
Which bone, tibia or fibula, is non-weight bearing?
Which bone is also known as the heel?
What type of joints consist of two bones, united by fibrous tissue, that have little or no movement?
Where can fibrous joints be found?
Between ulna and radius
Which joint type is completely immobile?
Which joint type allows slight movement?
Which joint unites two bones by means of cartilage?
Where are cartilaginous joints found?
Between manubrium and sternum body
Which joint type allows considerable movement between articulating bones?
There are ________ types of synovial joints.
Which joints are considered synovial joints?
Plane or gliding joints
Where are plane or gliding joints found?
Where are saddle joints found?
Joint of thumb
Where are hinge joints found?
Fingers, toes, and knee
Where are the pivot joints found?
Joints of the ulna and radius
Where are the ball-and-socket joints found?
Shoulder and hip
Where are ellipsoid joints found?
Bottom of skull attached to vertebrae
What is the largest bone of the leg?
What is the largest bone of the lower extremity?
The _____ is the most commonly fractured bone in multi-system trauma.
Which part of the sternum is also known as the sword?
What is Rickets Disease?
Calcium deficiency in children
What is the term for pre-osteoporosis?
Which vitamin is important for osteoblasts?
Which vitamin is required for collagen fibers?
Which vitamin aids in the small intestines ability to absorb calcium?
An ______ is a mature bone-growing cell.
_____ are active bone-growing cells.
_______ erode bone for increase of blood calcium.
What are the 5 types of bone?
_____ bones contain red bone marrow.
Epiphysis bone is made of?
Diaphysis bone is made of?
Red bone marrow makes?
Red and white blood cells
Yellow marrow is found in?
________ bone splinters.
______ bones are bones created by constant irritation of a ligament.
The ______ bone is located at the base of the tongue.
Where is the coronal suture located?
Lining forehead on skull
The _______ is the base of the larynx.
Cricoid cartilage ring
Cricoid pressure is ______ recommended.
Sellecks maneuver is also known as?
Cricoid cartilage pressure
When would sellecks maneuver recommended?
Intubation - better visibility of airway
The ________ houses the spinal cord.
Which part of the vertebral bone supports weight?
Where C7 located?
First felt spinous process from neck
Cervical vertebrae are different from others due to having?
Which vertebral foreman contain blood vessels and are located at or above the heart?
What is the purpose of the transverse process?
Anchors for muscles
What are the 4 spinal regions?
C1 is also known as?
C2 is also known as?
The ______ is the "stand" attached to the skull.
The ____ of C2 is also known as the odontoid process.
What are the parts of the fingers starting from tips down?
Distal end of the tibia forms _____ malleolus.
Distal end of the fibula forms the ______ malleolus.
The _______ articulates with tibia and fibula.
The _________ is located inferior and lateral to talus.
What are the thee major classification of joints?
Which joint allows for most movement?