Flashcards in Anatomy - Endocrine System Deck (36):
_____ glands secrete hormones into the blood.
Hormones made by the _____ are stored in the pituitary gland.
The _____ gland is known as the "master gland".
_____ pituitary creates only 2 hormones.
What are the two hormones secreted by the posterior pituitary?
What is the function of ADH?
Vasoconstriction in kidneys to decrease urine output
OPENS tubules in kidneys
______ is a hormone secreted by the posterior pituitary secreted with ADH.
What is the main functions of oxytocin?
Smooth muscle (Uterine) constriction
What is synthetic oxytocin used for?
Post delivery for postpartum hemorrhaging
____ is known as the "love hormone".
The _____ pituitary secretes 7 main hormones.
Which hormone is responsible for growth and is secreted by the anterior pituitary?
Growth hormone (GH)
When is the greatest amount of growth hormone released?
Final stage of deep sleep
Which hormone is secreted by the anterior pituitary to increase steroid production in the cortex of the adrenal glands?
Where do steroids originate?
Cortex of adrenal glands
What is the function of steroids secreted by the cortex of the adrenal glands?
Suppression of immune system
Which hormone is secreted in response to stress?
Glucosteroids are secreted by the anterior pituitary in response to stress and sent where?
Liver to release stored sugar for energy for cells
Which hormone secreted by the anterior pituitary to stimulate thyroid?
Which gland is responsible for metabolism?
The thyroid releases ____ and _____ to alert mitochondria to increase energy production.
Which hormone is secreted by the anterior pituitary is sent to the ovaries to start estrogen and progesterone production?
______ is the hormone secreted by the ovaries that increases temperature and thickens uterine lining?
_____ is the hormone secreted by the ovaries that acts as a preservative for the estrogen lining of the uterus?
____ is the hormone secreted by the anterior pituitary which is sent to the ovaries to mature eggs for ovulation and the testes to produce sperm and release testosterone.
_____ is the hormone secreted by the anterior pituitary and sent to the mammary gland to stimulate production of milk.
_____ is the hormone which stimulates nuclei in reticular formation for sleep.
The parathyroid is located where in relation to thyroid?
______ is secreted by thyroid when blood calcium levels are too high.
Calcitonin; simulates osteoblasts
The ________ hormone is release when calcium levels are too low.
Parathyroid; stimulates osteoclasts
Which gland is both endocrine and exocrine?
Beta cells of the pancreas produce ____.
Alpha cells of the pancreas produce ______.
_____ facilitates greater amounts of sugar getting into cells.
What is the function of glucagon?
Releases stored complex sugars in liver