Anatomy - Endocrine System Flashcards Preview

Exam 1/2 Anatomy and Physiology > Anatomy - Endocrine System > Flashcards

Flashcards in Anatomy - Endocrine System Deck (36):
1

_____ glands secrete hormones into the blood.

Endocrine

2

Hormones made by the _____ are stored in the pituitary gland.

Hypothalamus

3

The _____ gland is known as the "master gland".

Pituitary

4

_____ pituitary creates only 2 hormones.

Posterior

5

What are the two hormones secreted by the posterior pituitary?

ADH
Oxytocin

6

What is the function of ADH?

Vasoconstriction in kidneys to decrease urine output
OPENS tubules in kidneys

7

______ is a hormone secreted by the posterior pituitary secreted with ADH.

Oxytocin

8

What is the main functions of oxytocin?

Smooth muscle (Uterine) constriction

9

What is synthetic oxytocin used for?

Post delivery for postpartum hemorrhaging
Speed delivery

10

____ is known as the "love hormone".

Oxytocin

11

The _____ pituitary secretes 7 main hormones.

Anterior

12

Which hormone is responsible for growth and is secreted by the anterior pituitary?

Growth hormone (GH)

13

When is the greatest amount of growth hormone released?

Final stage of deep sleep

14

Which hormone is secreted by the anterior pituitary to increase steroid production in the cortex of the adrenal glands?

(ACTH)

15

Where do steroids originate?

Cortex of adrenal glands

16

What is the function of steroids secreted by the cortex of the adrenal glands?

Suppression of immune system

17

Which hormone is secreted in response to stress?

Glucocorticoids

18

Glucosteroids are secreted by the anterior pituitary in response to stress and sent where?

Liver to release stored sugar for energy for cells

19

Which hormone secreted by the anterior pituitary to stimulate thyroid?

TSH

20

Which gland is responsible for metabolism?

Thyroid

21

The thyroid releases ____ and _____ to alert mitochondria to increase energy production.

T3
T4

22

Which hormone is secreted by the anterior pituitary is sent to the ovaries to start estrogen and progesterone production?

LH

23

______ is the hormone secreted by the ovaries that increases temperature and thickens uterine lining?

Estrogen

24

_____ is the hormone secreted by the ovaries that acts as a preservative for the estrogen lining of the uterus?

Progesterone

25

____ is the hormone secreted by the anterior pituitary which is sent to the ovaries to mature eggs for ovulation and the testes to produce sperm and release testosterone.

FSH

26

_____ is the hormone secreted by the anterior pituitary and sent to the mammary gland to stimulate production of milk.

Prolactin

27

_____ is the hormone which stimulates nuclei in reticular formation for sleep.

Melatonin

28

The parathyroid is located where in relation to thyroid?

Inferior

29

______ is secreted by thyroid when blood calcium levels are too high.

Calcitonin; simulates osteoblasts

30

The ________ hormone is release when calcium levels are too low.

Parathyroid; stimulates osteoclasts

31

Which gland is both endocrine and exocrine?

Pancreas

32

Beta cells of the pancreas produce ____.

Insulin

33

Alpha cells of the pancreas produce ______.

Glucagon

34

_____ facilitates greater amounts of sugar getting into cells.

Insulin

35

What is the function of glucagon?

Releases stored complex sugars in liver

36

Thee endocrine system is made up of _____ glands.

7