Anatomy - Tissues Flashcards Preview

Exam 1/2 Anatomy and Physiology > Anatomy - Tissues > Flashcards

Flashcards in Anatomy - Tissues Deck (29):
1

Where are epithelial tissues found?

Covering the outside of the body and lines the digestive tract, blood vessels

2

What is the most abundant body tissue?

Connective

3

How many connective tissue types are there?

7

4

What are the 7 types of connective tissue?

Areolar
Adipose
Fibrous
Cartilage
Bone
Blood
Hemopoietic

5

Which type of connective tissue attaches skin to underlying tissues?

Areolar

6

Areolar tissue contains which three types of protein fibers?

Collagen
Reticulum
Elastin

7

_______ is the connective tissue which is a fatty tissue that stores lipids.

Adipose

8

_______ is the connective tissue which functions as insulator, protector, and site for energy storage.

Adipose

9

Which connective tissue consists mainly of collagenous fibers arranges in parallel rows?

Fibrous

10

Which type of connective tissue constitutes part of the human skeleton and covers the articulating surfaces of bones?

Cartilage

11

What are some examples of long bones?

Humerus
Ulna
Radius
Tibia
Fibula
Phalanges

12

What are some examples of short bones?

Carpal bones of the wrist
Tarsal bones of the ankle

13

What are some examples of flat bones?

Ribs
Sternum
Scapula

14

What are some examples of irregular bones?

Vertebrae
Facial bones

15

Injury to the _____ plate of a bone can impair growth if not recognized and treated.

Epiphyseal

16

______ tissue covers surfaces or forms structures derived from body surfaces.

Epithelial

17

____ muscle attaches bones.

Skeletal

18

What type of muscle is responsible for movement?

Skeletal

19

What is the function of smooth muscle?

All involuntary functions

20

Nonstriated muscle is also known as?

Involuntary (smooth) muscle

21

Which part of the nerve cell contains the nucleus?

Cell body (soma)

22

In the nerve cell, the ___ receives electrical impulses and conducts them toward the cell body.

Dendrites

23

In the nerve cell, the ________ conducts impulses away from the cell body.

Axon

24

An _____ is a structure made up of two or more kinds of tissues organized to perform a more complex function than any one tissue can alone.

Organ

25

A ________ is a group of organs arranged to perform a more complex function than any one organ can alone.

System

26

How many major organ systems compose the human body?

11

27

How many types of tissues are there?

4

28

Which neurotransmitter helps movement?

Dopamine

29

Which neurotransmitter is associated with mood?

Serotonin