Flashcards in Physiology - Acid/Bases Deck (36):
_____ receive hydrogen ions.
A solution increases in acidity as?
Hydrogen ions increase
A solution increases in alkalinity as?
Hydrogen ions decrease
What is the normal range for blood pH?
7.35 - 7.45
Hydrogen is neutralized and eliminated by?
Lungs - breathing out CO2
Kidneys eliminating H+ with urine
Hydrogen and CO2 are both?
Hydrogen ion concentration (potential of hydrogen)
Strengths of acid or base changes by ___ times with each unit change of pH.
Lower the number on pH scale, the more ____.
The higher the number on the pH scale, the more ________.
What is the treatment for jellyfish sting?
tomato, vinegar, beer
What are the three buffer systems?
Carbonic acid-bicarbonate buffer
⬇CO2+H20➡️⬇️H2CO3-➡️⬇️H+HCO3- is the formula for?
⬇️H++HCO3-➡️⬇️H2CO3-➡️H20+⬇️CO2 is the formula for?
Sodium bicarbonate is never given for?
What kind of overdose is treated with sodium bicarbonate?
What is the function of albumin in the buffer system?
Allows hydrogen to bond
Normal blood PaO2 is?
Normal blood PaCo2 is?
Too little PaCO2 and normal PaO2/pH indicates?
Too much PaCO2 and normal PaO2/pH results in?
Too high pH value and normal PaO2/PaCO2 results in?
Too low pH and normal PaCO2/PaO2 results in?
Breathing too slow results in?
What is the cause of metabolic acidosis?
Build up of lactic acid
What is a common form of metabolic acidosis?
What is the causes for respiratory alkalosis?
What is the cause of metabolic alkalosis?
Sodium bicarb/calcium carbonate overdose
_____ is a decrease in cell size.
___ is an increase in size of cells.
______ is an increase of number of cells.
____ is change of cells to adapt.
____ is the abnormal changes in cell division.