Physiology - Acid/Bases Flashcards Preview

Exam 1/2 Anatomy and Physiology > Physiology - Acid/Bases > Flashcards

Flashcards in Physiology - Acid/Bases Deck (36):
1

_____ receive hydrogen ions.

Bases

2

A solution increases in acidity as?

Hydrogen ions increase

3

A solution increases in alkalinity as?

Hydrogen ions decrease

4

What is the normal range for blood pH?

7.35 - 7.45

5

Hydrogen is neutralized and eliminated by?

Buffer systems
Lungs - breathing out CO2
Kidneys eliminating H+ with urine

6

Hydrogen and CO2 are both?

Acids

7

pH is?

Hydrogen ion concentration (potential of hydrogen)

8

Strengths of acid or base changes by ___ times with each unit change of pH.

10

9

Lower the number on pH scale, the more ____.

Acidic

10

The higher the number on the pH scale, the more ________.

Base

11

What is the treatment for jellyfish sting?

tomato, vinegar, beer

12

What are the three buffer systems?

Carbonic acid-bicarbonate buffer
Protein buffering
Renal buffering

13

⬇CO2+H20➡️⬇️H2CO3-➡️⬇️H+HCO3- is the formula for?

Respiratory Alkalosis

14

⬇️H++HCO3-➡️⬇️H2CO3-➡️H20+⬇️CO2 is the formula for?

Metabolic alkalosis

15

H2CO2 is?

Carbonic acid

16

HCO3- is?

Bicarbonate

17

Sodium bicarbonate is never given for?

Respiratory

18

What kind of overdose is treated with sodium bicarbonate?

Tricyclic antidepressants

19

What is the function of albumin in the buffer system?

Allows hydrogen to bond

20

Normal blood PaO2 is?

80-100

21

Normal blood PaCo2 is?

35-45 torr

22

Too little PaCO2 and normal PaO2/pH indicates?

Respiratory Alkalosis

23

Too much PaCO2 and normal PaO2/pH results in?

Respiratory Acidosis

24

Too high pH value and normal PaO2/PaCO2 results in?

Metabolic alkalosis

25

Too low pH and normal PaCO2/PaO2 results in?

Metabolic acidosis

26

Breathing too slow results in?

Respiratory acidosis

27

What is the cause of metabolic acidosis?

Build up of lactic acid

28

What is a common form of metabolic acidosis?

Diabetic ketoacidosis

29

What is the causes for respiratory alkalosis?

Hyperventilation

30

What is the cause of metabolic alkalosis?

Sodium bicarb/calcium carbonate overdose

31

_____ is a decrease in cell size.

Atrophy

32

___ is an increase in size of cells.

Hypertrophy

33

______ is an increase of number of cells.

Hyperplasia

34

____ is change of cells to adapt.

Metaplasia

35

____ is the abnormal changes in cell division.

Dysplasia

36

_____ release hydrogen ions.

Acids