Anatomy - Directional Terminology Flashcards Preview

Exam 1/2 Anatomy and Physiology > Anatomy - Directional Terminology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Anatomy - Directional Terminology Deck (24):
1

Prone

Laying face down

2

Lateral recumbent

Lying on right/left side

3

The sagittal plane is also known as?

The midline

4

Which term is given to the plane which runs vertically through the middle of the body, producing right and left sides?

Midline/Sagittal

5

The midclavicular plane is also known as?

Parasagittal

6

Which directional plane divides the body into top and bottom sections?

Transverse

7

What is another term used to describe the frontal plane?

Coronal or ventral

8

Which directional term is given to movement away from the body?

Abduction

9

Which directional term is given to movement towards the body?

Adduction

10

What type of dislocation occurs in an abducted movement?

Anterior

11

What type of dislocation occurs in an adducted movement?

Posterior

12

Which directional term is given to describe being near the head?

Cephalic

13

Which directional term is given to describe being closer to tail?

Caudal

14

What is included in the appendicular region of the body?

Non-essentials
Extremities

15

What is included in the axial region of the body?

Essentials
Head, Neck, Thorax, Abdomen

16

What are the major cavities of the body?

Thoracic
Abdominal
Pelvic
Cranium and Spine
Retroperitoneum

17

Which cavity of the body is divided into two portions by the mediastinum?

Thoracic

18

Which cavity in the body contains to plural cavities and a pericardial cavity?

Thoracic

19

What do the pleural cavities contain?

Lungs

20

The serous membrane that comes in contact with an organ is _______.

Visceral

21

The serous membrane that comes in contact with a cavity is _______

Parietal

22

Which cavity in the body is separated by an imaginary line drawn between the symphysis pubis and the sacral promontory?

Abdominal/pelvic

23

Which organs are classified as retroperitoneal organs?

Kidneys
Adrenal glands
Pancreas
Portions of colon
Urinary bladder

24

Supine

Lying face up