Anatomy - Cell Structure Flashcards Preview

Exam 1/2 Anatomy and Physiology > Anatomy - Cell Structure > Flashcards

Flashcards in Anatomy - Cell Structure Deck (22):
1

What are the three parts of all human cells?

Cytoplasmic membrane (plasma membrane)
Cytoplasm
Nucleus

2

What is the function of the cytoplasmic membrane?

To enclose and support cell contents

3

_____ describe substances outside of cells.

Extracellular

4

_____ describe substances between cells.

Intercellular

5

_______ describe substances inside cells.

Intracellular

6

The _____ lies between the cytoplasmic membrane and the nucleus.

Cytoplasm

7

What is the smooth endoplasmic reticulum?

It is found in cells that handle or manufacture fatty substances
Participates in the detoxification of the cells

8

What is the role of the ribosomes?

It is where protein is synthesized and where RNA is created

9

What is the function of the golgi apparatus?

It concentrates and packages materials for secretion from the cell

10

What are lysosomes?

Membranous-walled organelles
Contain enzymes enabling them to function as intracellular digestive systems

11

What organelle in the cell produces aerobic energy for the cell?

Mitochondria

12

What type of cell contains a nucleus?

Eukaryotes

13

What type of cell does not contain a nucleus?

Prokaryotes

14

Sex cells reproduce via ____

Meiosis

15

All human cells reproduce via _____

Mitosis

16

What types of cells divide throughout the entire life span?

Epithelial
Liver
Bone marrow

17

What types of cells divide until birth?

Nerve
Skeletal muscle

18

___ are the most basic unit of life.

Cells

19

The cytoplasmic membrane is made of:

Fat

20

What are the two substances that move through the cytoplasmic membrane the fastest?

Fat
Alcohol

21

Where does the Krebs cycle occur?

Mitochondria

22

Krebs cycle requires what two ingredients?

Starch
Oxygen