Flashcards in Angina Pectoris and Heart Failure Deck (8)
Angina Pectoris definition
Ischemic (decrease in blood supply) chest pain due to a reduction of the blood supply to the Myocardium.
Angina Pectoris cause
caused by narrowing of the cardiac arteries
Angina Pectoris signs and symptoms
Tends to occur on exertion or during emotional distress.
Pain behind the sternum running the length of the bone and spreading across the chest.
Pain sometimes radiating to the jaw, throat, teeth, axilla (armpit) & arms.
Short, sharp breathing.
Pain subsides with rest.
Failure of the heart to pump adequately. Can be Left or Right Ventricular failure. Or Congestive Cardiac Failure (CCF) which LVF & RVF combined.
Left Ventricular Failure (LVF) signs and symptoms
severe Dyspnoea (SOB) and Tachypnoea (rapid breathing)
Tachycardia (elevated HR).
Elevated blood pressure.
Rales (crackles/clicking) and wheezes.
Frothy pink sputum.
Restlessness, agitation, confusion.
Paroxysmal (sudden outbursts) nocturnal Dyspnoea.
Pulmonary (Lungs) oedema (build up of fluid).
Right Ventricular Failure (RVF) signs and symptoms
Peripheral (wrists/ankles/fingers etc) oedema.
Cyanosis (blue/purple discolouration to to low O2).
Congested neck veins.
Onset over period of time.
Usually secondary to LVF.
Management of Cardiac Conditions
Administer O2/Entonox as appropriate.
Place unconscious patients in stable side position.
Be prepared to assist ventilations and/or CPR.
Do not allow patient to walk or make unnecessary effort.