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Flashcards in Panic Cram for exam 2 Deck (33)
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1

5 types of shock

Septic/Toxic
Hypovolaemic
Anaphylactic
Neurogenic
Cardiogenic
(remember them using this SHANC)

2

Sign and Symptoms of Fractures

Swelling
Loss of power
Irregularity
Pain
Deformity
Unnatural mobility
Crepitus (crunching sound of bones rubbing)
Tenderness
(remember them using this SLIPDUCT)

3

Signs of head injury

Blood
Cerebral fluid leaking from nose or ears
Altered level of conciousness
Un-equal pupils
Visible damage to the head
Loss of co-ordination
Seizure
Vomiting
Difficulty speaking, slurred speech
Bloodshot eye/s
Depressed fracture of the skull.

4

Shockable Arrhythmia's

VF and Pulse-less VT

5

The mental health act: Section 2

Up to 28 days (non-renewable)

6

The mental health act: Section 3

Up to 6 months (renewable for further 6 months and then 1yr at a time)

7

The mental health act: Section 4

72 hours for emergency assessment (can be placed under section 2 or 3 after assessment)

8

The mental health act: Section 131

Informal admission

9

The mental health act: Section 135

Assessment in private premises
(magistrates warrant required)
(detained for 72 hours)

10

The mental health act: Section 136

Detained in a public place (detained for 72 hours)

11

Cautions for conveyance of infectious patients.

Universal precautions:
Personal hygiene
Personal protective equipment
Cleaning & disinfection

12

The five moments of hand hygiene

1. Before patient contact
2. Before a clean/aseptic procedure
3. After body fluid exposure risk
4. After patient contact
5. After contact with patient surroundings

13

Causes of Unconsciousness

Fainting
Infantile convulsions
Shock
Head injury
Stroke
Heart attack/Arrhythmia
Asphyxia
Poisoning
Epilepsy
Extremes of temperature
Diabetes
Drug O/D

14

DR-ABCDE

Danger
Response
Airway
Breathing
Circulation
Disability
Exposure & Evaluate

15

Vacuum splints are for

non correctable deformity

16

Traction is for

All femural fractures!

17

Box splints are for

Ankle, Tibia and Knee area fractures.

18

GI tract

Mouth
Tongue
Oesophagus
Cardiac sphincter (entrance to stomach)
Stomach
Duodenum
Small intestines
Caecum
Large intestines
Ascending colon, Transverse colon, Descending colon
Rectum
Anus

19

GI tract accessory organs

Liver
Pancreas
Gall bladder

20

Urinary tract

Kidneys
Ureters
Bladder
Urethra

21

History taking - pain

Site of pain.
Onset (and is this a new pain).
Character.
Radiates to other areas.
Associated symptoms (nausea, dizziness).
Timing/Duration
Exacerbating or Relieving factors.
Severity.
(Remember as SOCRATES)

22

Diabetes type 1

no insulin

23

Diabetes type 2

little insulin and/or insulin produced doesn't work

24

What can cause falls?

Drugs & alcohol
Age related physiological changes
Medical
Environment
(Remember as DAME)

25

4 types of mental health

Personality disorders
Neurosis
Psychosis
Organic

26

Windscreen report

As soon as you arrive on scene and can see the call is not as given and that you may require additional resources. Let control have a snapshot i.e. "there is a bus crashed into a shop"

27

Incident management

Command
Safety
Communications
Assessment
Triage
Treatment
Transport
(Remember as CSCATTT)

28

Major incident report

Major incident declared.
Exact location.
Type of incident.
Hazards.
Access & egress.
Numbers or priority patients.
Emergency services present and required.
(remember as METHANE)

29

Long term complications of Diabetes

Eyes
Heart
Kidneys
Nerves
Feet

30

Short term complications of Diabetes

hypoglycaemia.
Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA).
Hyperglycaemia.

31

Chest injury types.

Fractured ribs.
Flail segment.
Simple pneumothorax.
Open pnuemothorax.
Tension pnuemothorax.
Haemothorax (blood in thorax).
Cardiac Tamponade.

32

treatment for broken ankle

DR-ABCDE
immobilisation - splint
pain relief
check pedal pulse
control bleeding

33

function of a splint

pain relief.
stabilisation.
protection.
reduces bleeding.
immobilisation.