Flashcards in Positional/Restraint asphyxia and Acute Behavioral Disturbance Deck (13)
Positional/Restraint Asphyxia - definition
Occurs when the position of the body interferes with respiration, resulting in asphyxia.
Patient not able to alter their position due to restraint.
Positional/Restraint Asphyxia - Risk factors include
Patients position resulting in partial or complete airway obstruction.
Patient left face down/prone.
Pressure applied restricting the shoulder girdle or accessory muscles whilst laid down.
Positional/Restraint Asphyxia - Factors increasing risk
Acute Behavioural Disturbance - information
A syndrome in which the patient exhibits bizarre and manic behaviour.
Can prove rapidly fatal.
Linked to positional asphyxia
Often referred to as excited delirium
Considered a medical emergency
Acute Behavioural Disturbance - definition
A rare form of severe mania, sometimes considered part of the spectrum of manic depressive psychosis and chronic schizophrenia.
Acute Behavioural Disturbance - Causes
Drugs (particularly cocaine)
Combination of these
Acute Behavioural Disturbance - Risks
Rapid deterioration and death due to cardiac arrest from drug-induced arrhythmias.
Greater risk of positional asphyxia, especially in obese patients.
May be exacerbated by exhaustion e.g. following struggle.
Acute Behavioural Disturbance - has been linked to
endocrine (hormone secretion system) disorders
Acute Behavioural Disturbance - signs and symptoms
Bizarre and/or aggressive behaviour
Onset of paranoia
Acute Behavioural Disturbance - presenting features (things to look for)
May ultimately result in death!
Acute Behavioural Disturbance - features
High level of physical strength
Sweating, fever, heat intolerance, hot to touch
Removal of clothing
Decreased/absent response to pain
Sudden tranquillity after frenzied activity which may mask level of consciousness
Acute Behavioural Disturbance - management stage 1
If police on scene, should already be trained in safe management.
Summon police assistance if not present.
Do not place self at risk.
Monitor patient for deterioration.
Consider position of patient when restrained - sitting or kneeling, lying on side. NOT FACE DOWN!