Animal Heath and Preventative Medicine Flashcards Preview

CTC Junior Vet science > Animal Heath and Preventative Medicine > Flashcards

Flashcards in Animal Heath and Preventative Medicine Deck (12):
1

Active Immunity

Obtained naturally when a person or animal is exposed to antigens

2

Immunity

Resistance to developing a disease

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Passive Immunity

Transferred from Mother to baby or by injecting antibodies from an animal that is already immune

4

Vaccine

A substance consisting of weakened, dead or incomplete portions of pathogens or antigens that, when injected into the body, cause and immune response

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Modified Live Vaccine

Vaccines that are alive but have lost their disease - causing ability

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Killed Vaccine

Vaccines that don't contain live pathogens,but still achieve an immune response

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Vaccinations

An injection that makes animals and human artificially actively immune to certain diseases

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Pathogens

Disease - causing agents

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Vaccination Schedule: Sheep 1st step

Give lambs a vaccine for clostridium perfringens type C and D, C. tetani (prevents overeating) repeat in 3-4 weeks

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Vaccination Schedule: Sheep 2nd step

If soremouth (ecthyma) is a problem, give vaccination at 1-2 months of age

11

Vaccination Schedule: Sheep 3rd step

Give adults a vaccination of C, D and T four to six weeks before lambing

12

Vaccination Schedule: Sheep 4th step

Give adults other vaccinations if there are diagnosed problem in the herd