Common Anatomic Terms for Equine Species Flashcards Preview

CTC Junior Vet science > Common Anatomic Terms for Equine Species > Flashcards

Flashcards in Common Anatomic Terms for Equine Species Deck (35):
1

Forelock

In maned animals, the most anterior part of the mane, hanging down between the ears and onto the forehead

2

Poll

Top of he head; the occiput

3

Mane

Region of long coarse hair at the dorsal border of the neck and terminating at the poll

4

Crest

The root of the mane

5

Shoulder

Region around the large joint between the humerous and scapula

6

Chest

Part of he body between the neck and abdomen; the thorax

7

Knee

The carpus in ungulates (an ungulate is an animal with hooves)

8

Cannon

Third metacarpal (metatarsal) of the horse; also called the shin bone

9

Fetlock Joint

Metacarpophalangeal joint and metatarsophalangeal joint (joint between the cannon bone and long pasterb bones ) in ungulates

10

Pastern Joint

Proximal interphalangeal joint (joint between the long and short pastern bones) in ungulates

11

Coffin Joint

Distal interphalangeal join (joint between the short pastern and coffin bones) in ungulates

12

Coronary Band

Junction between the skin and the horn of the hoof; also called the coronet

13

Hoof wall

The hard, horny, outer layer of the covering of the digit in ungulates

14

Hoof

The hard covering of the digit in ungulates

15

Sole

Bottom of the hoof

16

Frog

V- shaped pad of soft horn between the bars on the sole of the equine hoof

17

Bars

Raised V-shaped structure on ventral surface of the hoof

18

White Line

Fusion between the wall and sole of the hoof

19

Ergot

Small mass of horn in a small bunch of hair on the equine fetlock

20

Barrel

Capacity of the chest or trunk

21

Flank

Side of the body between the ribs and ilium

22

Gaskin

Muscular portion of the hindlimb between the stifle and hock; also called the crus

23

Hock

Tarsal joint

24

Croup

Muscular area around and above the tail base

25

Withers

Region over the dorsum where the neck joins the thorax and where the dorsal margins of the scapula lie just below the skin

26

Tail Head

Base of the tail where it connects to the body

27

Dock

Solid part of the equine tail

28

Loin

Lumbar region of the back, between the thorax and pelvis

29

Stifle Joint

Femorotibial and femoropatellar joint in quadrupeds

30

Chestnuts

Horny irregular growths on the medial surface of the equine leg; in the front legs these are just above the knee; in the rear legs these are near the hock

31

Elbow

Forelimb joint formed by distal humerus, proximal radius, and proximal ulna

32

Udder

Mammary gland

33

Teat

Nipple of the mammary gland

34

Tail

Caudal part of the vertebral column extending beyond the trunk

35

Heart girth

Circumference of the chest just caudal to the shoulders and cranial to the back