Additives, implants, Injections, and Ration Formation Flashcards Preview

CTC Junior Vet science > Additives, implants, Injections, and Ration Formation > Flashcards

Flashcards in Additives, implants, Injections, and Ration Formation Deck (18):
1

How many animals get some drug during life

80%

2

How are vitamins a drug

its a natural drug

3

Definition of additives

chemicals that regulate growth, modify rumen activity, improve feed efficiency

4

Why is control product used?

Gasses get struck in rumen

5

Types of Bloat control

Bloat Guard
Terramycin or Neoterramycin
Emproal Bloat Box
Bovatec and Rumensin

6

Electrolytes

Substance when dissolved inwater enables solution to conduct electric current

7

Ways to give electrolytes

orally
intravenously
subcutaneous

8

Flavoring Agents

Anything added to increase palatability and feed intake

9

Implant

Small pellet deposited under skin behind ear

10

What do implants do?

Promote growth

11

Pearson Square

A feed composition table
Useful tool for simplifying and balancing rations
Shows (specifically) proportions/percentages of 2 feed to be mixed together to guide a percentage of needed nutrients

12

Which animals need more nutrients

Working
Lactating

13

The amount of nutrients requirements by animals

Nutrient Requirement

14

Why is energy 1st priority

Nutrient of greatest amount in feed and of greatest demand by animal

15

Animals are in a state of maintenance when

Body composition remains constant (no growth)
Not producing products
Not reproducing

16

Balanced Ration

Provides nutrients to support physical functions of an animal for 24 hours (contained in an amount of feed the animal can consume within a 24 hour period)

17

In the formulation process you must know

Nutrient requirements of animal
Nutrient availability of feeds
Palatability of feeds
Type of ration (complete or supplementary)
Feed intake of animal

18

Factors Affecting Nutrient Requirements

Weight
Age/Stage of maturity
Physiologic function (growth, lactation, pregnant)
Level of productivity (quantity of milk, rate of gain)
Activity level
Environment (winter vs summer)
Use of feed additives