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CTC Junior Vet science > Population Management > Flashcards

Flashcards in Population Management Deck (25):
1

Ovariohysterectomy

Spaying by surgically removing the ovaries and uterus

2

Neutering

Sterilization of males and females

3

Orchiectomy

(Castration)
The sterilization of a male

4

Physical results of neutering in females

(ovaries and uterus removed)
Ends heat cycles
No more pregnancies

5

Physical results of neutering in males

(testicles removed)
Lack of sperm production and cessation of testosterone production

6

When to sterilize pets

Average age 5-9 months

7

The youngest time to neuter

8 weeks (with no ill effects)

8

Heat cycles length in dogs

21 days

9

Heat cycles symptoms in dogs

Passage of blood from genital area
Irritability and loss of appetite
excessive urination

10

Heat cycle occurrence

Every 21 days

11

Dog heat cycle beginning age

5 months (6-9 months)

12

Cat heat cycle beginning age

As early as 4.5 months

13

Misconceptions about neutering
-Pet should come into heat before spaying

It is better to be spayed before first cycle, this will reduce the incidence for mammary tumors

14

Misconceptions about neutering
- Pet will get fat and lazy

With the removal of testosterone and estrogen, some animals have a slower metabolism
-reduce food accordingly
- sterilized young, most animals will stay active

15

Misconceptions about neutering
- Dog will not guard home after neutering

Dogs will continue to protect their property
only sexual behaviors will be changed

16

Misconceptions about neutering
- Owner wants kids to see puppies and kittens

- Pet population explosion today
- thousands euthanized daily
- hard to find homes

17

Advantages of spaying females

-No heat cycles
- no reproduction
- No affects on protectiveness
- Won't get ovarian/uterine cancer
- lessens aggressiveness

18

Advantages of neutering males

- No reproduction
- no territory marking (spraying)
- reduced aggressiveness
- less testicular tumors
- inappropriate behaviors reduced (humping)

19

Neuter

means to spay or castrate an animal

20

Estimated animals euthanized in shelters each year

3-4 million
(12 million?)

21

Human to kitten birth ratio

For every human born, 7 puppies and kittens are born

22

Cost to tax payer

about $100 to capture, feed, house, and eventually kill each stray animal

23

Domestication

To train a plant or animal to live in a human environment and be of some use to humans

24

Domestication (human influence)

To selectively breed an animal for a particular appearance, behavior, and function

25

TNR

Trap
Neuter
Release