Monogastric Digestive System Flashcards Preview

CTC Junior Vet science > Monogastric Digestive System > Flashcards

Flashcards in Monogastric Digestive System Deck (14):
1

Prehension

The action of bringing in food

2

Organs involved in prehension

Hands (only humans have hands included)
Lips
Incisor
Tongue

3

Mastication

The act of mechanically breaking down food

4

Organs involved in mastication

Incisors
Canines
Premolars/Molars
Tongue
Salivary gland
Esophagus

5

Digestion

the process by which large, complex nutrient molecules are broken down into simpler molecules capable of being used by the organism for food

6

Parts of the monogastric digestive system

Hands
Mouth
Esophagus
Small Intestine
Cecum
Large Intestine

7

Monogastric digestive system's small intestine function

enzymatic digestion of proteins, carbohydrates, and fats; absorption of end products of digestion (nutrients)

8

The small intestine is split into 3 parts

Duodenum
Jejunum
Ileum

9

Duodenum function

Most digestion occurs

10

Jejunum function

Some digestion and some absorption occur

11

Ileum function

Mostly aborption (of nutrients)

12

Bile

Made in liver, stored in gall bladder, active in small intestine, emulsifies to aid in digestion

13

Cecum function

Essentially non-functioning in many monogastrics

14

Large intestine function

Bacterial activity, water absorption, waste storage