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Flashcards in Supplements Deck (15):
1

3 types of protein supplements

Animal protein supplements
Plant protein supplements
Non-protein nitrogen sources (NPN)

2

Protein supplements have

more than 20% protein

3

Animal Protein Supplement ingredients / ways to supplement

Inedible tissues from meat packing
Surplus milk products
Marine sources
Feather meal (85% protein)

4

Plant protein supplement ingredients / ways to supplement

oilseed by-products
cottonseed meal
soybean meal
peanut meal
safflower seed
rapeseed meal

5

Only ruminants can only digest this source of protein

Non-protein nitrogen sources

6

How can ruminants digest Non-protein nitrogen sources

they have microorganisms in the rumen to convert nitrogen into protein

7

A type of Non-protein nitrogen source

Urea

8

Urea is made from what

made from anhydrous ammonia

9

Uses for urea

fertilizer
feed additive in ruminants
in plastics

10

Vitamin supplements are fragile because

they are destroyed by heat, sunlight , oxidation, mold growth

11

What is Colostrum

1st milk given by mammals after parturition (birth)

12

Why is Colostrum important?

Contains antibodies
Only given within 15 min to 4 hrs
Colostrum from one animal can be given to other animals, but not as effective as mother's milk directly to baby

13

Fat supplement function

increases calories of ration
controls dust - animals don't like dusty rations
lessens wear on feed mixing equipment

14

Molasses comes from

By products from sugar manufacture

15

Molasses function

3/4 energy of corn
appetizer
reduces dust / pellet binder
stimulates rumen activity