Cow Breeds Flashcards Preview

CTC Junior Vet science > Cow Breeds > Flashcards

Flashcards in Cow Breeds Deck (22):
1

Beef
Originated in Scotland
Black, naturally polled
Largest number of animal registrations in the US

Angus

2

Dairy
Originated in Scotland
Medium sized breed
Medium to dark red and white in color
Average lactation 305 days of 14,534 pounds of milk

Ayrshire

3

Beef
Developed in the US
50% Brahman, 25% Shorthorn, 25% Hereford
No set color pattern

Beefmaster

4

Beef
Distinctive white belt that often varies somewhat in width and regularity, but covers most of the body from the shoulders to the hooks
Black coat with white contrast, which may turn brownish in the summer

Belted Galloway

5

Beef
3/8 Brahman and 5/8 Hereford
Superior maternal ability
Red like a Hereford with white underbelly head and feet

Branford

6

Beef
Originated in India
Red and Gray strands
Noted for heat tolerance, disease and insect resistance and crossing ability

Brahman

7

Beef
Developed in the US
5/8 Angus and 3/8 Brahman
Black and naturally polled

Black Brangus

8

Dairy
Originated in Switzerland
Large docile breed
Hair is brown of various shades
Average lactation of 16,135 pounds of milk

Brown Swiss

9

Beef
Originated in France
White, Off white to cream coloration
Produce lean, muscular carcasses
Below average maternally

Charolais

10

Beef and Dairy
Originated in Germany
Reddish gold to russet colored hair
Resulted from government controlled breeding program
Dual purpose breed

Gelbvieh

11

Dairy
Medium sized
Known for gentle nature
Various shades of fawn with white markings and switch
Originated on the Isle of Guernsey
Average lactation 305 days of 13,109 pounds of milk

Guernsey

12

Beef
Originated in England
Red and white, also white on underline, legs, switch and face
Found in all 50 states

Hereford

13

Dairy
Originated in the Netherlands
Dominant breed of dairy cattle
Black and white color pattern (red and white exist)
Average lactation 305 days of 20,121 pounds of milk

Holstein

14

Dairy
Small, refined animal of unsurpassed femininity
Vary from light to dark fawn with darker shading around the head and lower legs
Average milk yield of 13,358
Originated on the Isle of Jersey

Jersey

15

Beef
Originated in France
Reddish gold in color, can be black
Fastest growing breed in the country

Limousin

16

Beef
Originated in France
Deep red in color with white underline and patches can also be black
Largest continental breed in terms of weight

Maine Anjou

17

Beef
US Breed
Naturally without horns
Looks the same as Hereford

Polled Hereford

18

Beef
Developed from a recessive gene found in black Angus cattle
Red and Naturally polled

Red Angus

19

Beef
Developed in the US
5/8 Shorthorn and 3/8 Brahman
Dark red
Can be horned or polled

Santa Gertrudis

20

Beef and Dairy
Originated in England
3 main colors : Red, white, roan
Used for milk and meat - mainly meat

Shorthorn

21

Dairy
Originated in Switzerland
Range in color from straw colored through light red and dark red, also black

Simmental

22

Beef / Ornamental
Developed in Texas, of Spanish origin
Long, distinctive horns, many colors including speckled and spotted

Texas Longhorn