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CTC Junior Vet science > Bones > Flashcards

Flashcards in Bones Deck (24):
1

Medullary Cavity

The inner space of bone that contains yellow bone marrow

2

Cortical Bone

Hard, dense, strong bone that forms the outer layer of bone; also called compact bone

3

Cortex meaning in latin

Bark or shell

4

Cancellous Bone

Lighter, less, strong bone that is found in the ends and inner portions of long bones; also called spongy bone

5

Cancellous meaning in Latin

Latticework

6

Epephysis

Wide end of bone, which is covered with articular cartilage and is composed of cancellous bone

7

Diaphysis

Shaft of bone that involves growth of the bone; also called the growth plate or epiphyseal cartilage

8

Metaphysis

Wider part of long bone shaft located adjacent to the physis; in adult animals is considered part of the epiphysis

9

Periosteum

Tough, fibrous tissue the forms the outer covering of bone

10

Endosteum

Tough, fibrous tissue that forms the lining of the medullary cavity

11

Long bones

Consist of shaft, two ends, and a marrow cavity
(Ex femur)

12

Short bones

Cube shaped with no marrow cavity
(Ex carpal bones)

13

Flat bones

Thin, flat bones
(Ex pelvis)

14

Pneumatic bones

Sinus containing
(Ex frontal bone)

15

Irregular bones

Unpaired bones
(Ex vertebrae)

16

Seasamoid bones

Small bones attached to tendons
(Ex patella)

17

Combining forms of bone

Oste/o
Oss/e
Oss/i

18

Epi-

above

19

-physis

Growth

20

Dia-

Between

21

Peri-

Surrounding

22

-um

Structure

23

Endo -

Within or inner

24

Meta-

Beyond