Flashcards in Anus and prostate Deck (34):
What is pain with defecation indicative of?
What is the cause of the black coloration of melena?
What are the other causes of black stool? (3)
What is the cause of hematochezia? (4)
What is screening?
Testing without symptoms
What is the second leading cause of death in men over 50?
At what age does the risk of prostate cancer increase?
How is prostate cancer different in african americans? (2)
What are the three requirements to screen anything?
Pose a risk
Have an intervention
What is the D grade for screening?
D for "don't do it"
What are the two screening methods for prostate ca?
When does colorectal CA screening begin?
What is lynch syndrome?
What is the recommendation grade for colorectal CA?
What are the three tumor "mimics" for female colon CA (things that feel like a mass, but is part of normal anatomy)?
Why should you always look before doing a prostate exam?
See perianal abscesses and other things
What should you tell your pt before performing a digital rectal exam?
That they may have a feeling of urgency
What do you offer pts after the DRE?
What are the three common findings with the prostate on a DRE?
What are the five common findings with the rectum on a DRE?
What are the symptoms of prostatitis?
Flu like symptoms
Why do you not do a DRE if you suspect prostatitis?
Spread the gram negative bacteria's toxins
What are the signs/symptoms of BPH?
Is a DRE useful for BPH?
What are the signs of BPH?
Is PSA useful for BPH?
What is the difference between prostate CA or BPH?
lack of symmetry
What is the cause of an anal fissure?
Straining, or constipation
What is the cause of an anal fistula?
infected anal gland, producing a chronic draining abscess
What is a bowel prolapse?
protrusion of the anal canal through the anus
True of false: biopsy is mandatory for anal polyps?
What is a anal pap?
Anal screening for HPV
What does a guaiac test, test for?