Flashcards in Lymph Deck (30):
What is the Allen test?
"The Allen test is a worldwide used test to determine whether the patency of the radial or ulnar artery is normal. It is performed prior to radial cannulation or catheterisation, because placement of such a catheter often results in thrombosis. Therefore the test is used to reduce the risk of ischemia to the hand."--Wiki
What is carotid massage used for? (2)
How do you perform the cap refill test? Result?
Hand above heart
Should be less than 2 seconds
How do you perform the Allen's test?
1. Occlude both radial and ulnar arteries.
2. Clench and unclench pts fist
3. Release ulnar to verify flow
4. Repeat for radial
What is normal measurement for JVD?
up to 4 cm
Crackles in the lungs are caused by what?
Fluid leaking out the circulation
What causes consolidation in the lungs?
What are the PE findings for an aortic aneurysm?
Pulsations up, not out
What is the order of femoral nerve, artery and vein? (from medial to lateral)?
What is Homan's sign?
What is order of lymph nodes from the foot to the leg?
How do you examine the left atrium of the heart?
High pressure in the left atrium can be due to what?
Low pressure state in the left atrium leads to what?
Where is the AV node?
At the bottom of the septum
What is used to examine the aortic valve?
What does a coronary angiogram show?
Flow of coronary arteries
What is SBP?
outflow from the left ventricle into the aotra
What are the two indications for carotid massage?
Carotid sinus syncope
Where should the hand be places when checking the cap refill?
Above the heart
What is the normal range of JVD?
up to 4 cm
What is the "a" part of the JVD wave?
What is the "c" part of the JVD wave?
What is the "v" part of the JVD wave?
ventricular contraction (also atrial filling)
What are crackles?
Fluid leaking into circulation
What is a consolidation in the lungs?
What are the four major vessels that branch off of the aorta as it descends (in order)?
What is the order of the femoral nerve, artery, vein and lymph in the inguinal canal?
NAVEL (lateral to medial)
(or a VAN out of the inguina)
PT pulse is found where?
Posterior to the medial malleoli