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Flashcards in Lymph Deck (30):
1

What is the Allen test?

"The Allen test is a worldwide used test to determine whether the patency of the radial or ulnar artery is normal. It is performed prior to radial cannulation or catheterisation, because placement of such a catheter often results in thrombosis. Therefore the test is used to reduce the risk of ischemia to the hand."--Wiki

2

What is carotid massage used for? (2)

Sinus syncope
SVT

3

How do you perform the cap refill test? Result?

Hand above heart

Should be less than 2 seconds

4

How do you perform the Allen's test?

1. Occlude both radial and ulnar arteries.
2. Clench and unclench pts fist
3. Release ulnar to verify flow
4. Repeat for radial

5

What is normal measurement for JVD?

up to 4 cm

6

Crackles in the lungs are caused by what?

Fluid leaking out the circulation

7

What causes consolidation in the lungs?

Lymphatic overload

8

What are the PE findings for an aortic aneurysm?

Pulsations up, not out

9

What is the order of femoral nerve, artery and vein? (from medial to lateral)?

VAN

10

What is Homan's sign?

***

11

What is order of lymph nodes from the foot to the leg?

Popliteal
Superior inguinal
Superficial inguinal

12

How do you examine the left atrium of the heart?

Echo

13

High pressure in the left atrium can be due to what?

pulmonary HTN

14

Low pressure state in the left atrium leads to what?

Death

15

Where is the AV node?

At the bottom of the septum

16

What is used to examine the aortic valve?

Echo

17

What does a coronary angiogram show?

Flow of coronary arteries

18

What is SBP?

outflow from the left ventricle into the aotra

19

What are the two indications for carotid massage?

Carotid sinus syncope
SVT

20

Where should the hand be places when checking the cap refill?

Above the heart

21

What is the normal range of JVD?

up to 4 cm

22

What is the "a" part of the JVD wave?

Atrial contraction

23

What is the "c" part of the JVD wave?

Tricuspid contraction

24

What is the "v" part of the JVD wave?

ventricular contraction (also atrial filling)

25

What are crackles?

Fluid leaking into circulation

26

What is a consolidation in the lungs?

Lymphatic overload

27

What are the four major vessels that branch off of the aorta as it descends (in order)?

Celiac
SMA
Renal
IMA

28

What is the order of the femoral nerve, artery, vein and lymph in the inguinal canal?

NAVEL (lateral to medial)

(or a VAN out of the inguina)

29

PT pulse is found where?

Posterior to the medial malleoli

30

What is the cause of varicose veins?

Dysfunctional valves