Flashcards in Terms Deck (43):
The patient's need for self-determination
The ethical principle that means "do good" for the patient
the ethical principle that means "do no harm" to the patient
The ideals, customs, institutions and behaviora regarded by a specific group
Elevated temperature (fever)
Greater than 38 C or 100.4 F
36-38 C, or 97 to 100.4 F
Extreme elevation in temperature 41.1 C or 106 F RECTALLY
Abnormally low temperature, below 35 C or 95 F RECTALLY
What is the difference between oral and tympanic measurements?
0.8 C or 1.4 F HIGHER than oral
What is the difference between oral and axillary measurements?
0.6 C or 1 F LOWER than oral
What is the difference between oral and Rectalmeasurements?
0.4-0.5 C or 0.7-0.9 F HIGHER than oral
What is the conversion of C to F?
What is the standard resting heart rate?
Slower than 60 bpm
Faster than 100 bpm
How many second should you count when measuring heart rate? How long if their beat is irregular? Absent?
30 seconds- 60 seconds--no seconds
When is listening to the heart at the apical apex necessary?
When hearing irregular heart rhythms or with children.
What is the normal respiration rate for adults?
12-20 breaths per minute
What is the conversion from centimeters to inches?
2.54 cm = 1 in
What is the conversion from kilos to pounds?
2.2 pounds = 1 kg
What is the formula for BMI?
a growth disorder associated with a pituitary tumor
Define: Ballard gestational age assessment
used to assess or confirm the gestational age of a neonate utilizing six physical and six neuromuscular characteristics
Define: Blood Pressure
The force of blood against the wall of an artery as the ventricles of the heart contract and relax
Define: failure to thrive
a sign define by growth in an infant or child below the Third or Fifth percentile on a growth chart
Head circumference should be measured until what age?
2 years old
What are Korotkoff sounds
turbulence of blood flow in the artery
Define: Orthostatic hypotension
Systolic decrease 20 mmHg, diastolic decrease 10 mmHg, and increase in heart rate [15, infinity) when going from a seated position to a standing one, within 3 minutes of standing
Define: Pulse pressure
the difference between systolic and diastolic. 30-50 is normal.
What is the normal systolic and diastolic bp?
What is preHTN?
120-139 / 80-89
What is HTN, stage 1
140-159 / 90-99
What is HTN stage 2?
>160 / >100
What is the target SBP and DBP for someone >60 y.o?
What is the target SBP and DBP for <60 y.o.
What is the target SBP and DBP for someone >18 y.o. with CKD?
What is the target SBO and DBP for someone >18 y.o. with DM?
What is the usual size and EtOH content of a beer?
12 fl oz, 5% ABV
What is one serving of malt liquor? ABV?
8-9 oz, 7 % ABV
What is one serving or wine? What is its ABV?
5 oz, 12% ABV