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Flashcards in Terms Deck (43):
1

Define: Autonomy

The patient's need for self-determination

2

Define: Beneficence

The ethical principle that means "do good" for the patient

3

Define: Nonmaleficence

the ethical principle that means "do no harm" to the patient

4

Define: values

The ideals, customs, institutions and behaviora regarded by a specific group

5

Define: Fever

Elevated temperature

6

Define: pyrexia

Elevated temperature (fever)

7

Define: Febrile

Greater than 38 C or 100.4 F

8

Define: Afebrile

36-38 C, or 97 to 100.4 F

9

Define: Hyperpyrexia

Extreme elevation in temperature 41.1 C or 106 F RECTALLY

10

Define: Hypothermia

Abnormally low temperature, below 35 C or 95 F RECTALLY

11

What is the difference between oral and tympanic measurements?

0.8 C or 1.4 F HIGHER than oral

12

What is the difference between oral and axillary measurements?

0.6 C or 1 F LOWER than oral

13

What is the difference between oral and Rectalmeasurements?

0.4-0.5 C or 0.7-0.9 F HIGHER than oral

14

What is the conversion of C to F?

C= (F-32)*(5/9)

15

What is the standard resting heart rate?

60-100 bpm

16

Define: Bradycardia

Slower than 60 bpm

17

Define: Tachycardia

Faster than 100 bpm

18

How many second should you count when measuring heart rate? How long if their beat is irregular? Absent?

30 seconds- 60 seconds--no seconds

19

When is listening to the heart at the apical apex necessary?

When hearing irregular heart rhythms or with children.

20

What is the normal respiration rate for adults?

12-20 breaths per minute

21

What is the conversion from centimeters to inches?

2.54 cm = 1 in

22

What is the conversion from kilos to pounds?

2.2 pounds = 1 kg

23

What is the formula for BMI?

(kilos)/(height^2) [kg/m^2]

24

Define: acromegaly

a growth disorder associated with a pituitary tumor

25

Define: Ballard gestational age assessment

used to assess or confirm the gestational age of a neonate utilizing six physical and six neuromuscular characteristics

26

Define: Blood Pressure

The force of blood against the wall of an artery as the ventricles of the heart contract and relax

27

Define: failure to thrive

a sign define by growth in an infant or child below the Third or Fifth percentile on a growth chart

28

Head circumference should be measured until what age?

2 years old

29

What are Korotkoff sounds

turbulence of blood flow in the artery

30

Define: Orthostatic hypotension

Systolic decrease 20 mmHg, diastolic decrease 10 mmHg, and increase in heart rate [15, infinity) when going from a seated position to a standing one, within 3 minutes of standing

31

Define: Pulse pressure

the difference between systolic and diastolic. 30-50 is normal.

32

What is the normal systolic and diastolic bp?

<80

33

What is preHTN?

120-139 / 80-89

34

What is HTN, stage 1

140-159 / 90-99

35

What is HTN stage 2?

>160 / >100

36

What is the target SBP and DBP for someone >60 y.o?

<90

37

What is the target SBP and DBP for <60 y.o.

<90

38

What is the target SBP and DBP for someone >18 y.o. with CKD?

<90

39

What is the target SBO and DBP for someone >18 y.o. with DM?

<90

40

What is the usual size and EtOH content of a beer?

12 fl oz, 5% ABV

41

What is one serving of malt liquor? ABV?

8-9 oz, 7 % ABV

42

What is one serving or wine? What is its ABV?

5 oz, 12% ABV

43

What is one serving of hard liquor? ABV?

1.5 oz, 40% ABV