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Flashcards in Beverages Deck (64)
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1

How is the proof of an alcoholic beverage calculated in the United States?

Alcohol proof in the United States is defined as twice the percentage of alcohol by volume

2

How is champagne made?

Secondary fermentation of wine produced by adding sugar, citric acid, and a champagne yeast starter to bottles of previously prepared table wine.

3

Gin is flavored with what?

Juniper berries (Juniperus communis)

4

Define potable.

Drinkable

5

Bourbon’s grain mixture must be 51% of what product?

Corn

6

A dry martini refers to the absence of what ingredient?

Vermouth

7

What process is used to make light beer?

Addition of glucoamylase, before or during fermentation, hydrolyzes most of the unfermentable dextrins in wort to glucose, which can be fermented by yeast to alcohol. Hence, the beer contains a lower calorie level.

8

What is the malo-lactic fermentation, what microorganism carries it out and what is its purpose?

A. Fermentation of malate to lactate and carbon dioxide; B. Oenococcus oenos; C. to reduce the acidity of wine

9

What are the starting materials for the following distilled spirits?
1.Brandy
2.Rum
3.Vodka
4.Tequila

1.Grapes
2.Molasses
3.Potatoes
4.Agave

10

What are the impure and pure distillation products of white wine?

Brandy - impure product, Ethanol - pure product

11

What are composition of the following spirits? 1. Whiskey
2. Bourbon
3. Scotch

1. Whiskeys-rye-51% rye minimum-balance barley
2. Bourbon-51% corn minimum-barley, wheat, and maybe 1 other grain
3. Scotch-barley primarily

12

Name three types of vinegar

White, Cider, Malt, Wine

13

Besides water, what are the 3 most important ingredients in beer?

Yeast, Malt, Hops

14

Who invented Coca Cola?

Dr. John Pemberton

15

Who can be credited with discovery of artificial carbonation?

Joseph Priestly

16

What soft drink was served at the 1904 World's Fair?

Dr. Pepper

17

What is sherry wine & how is it made?

Wine fortified with brandy and aged under a cap ("flor") of yeast (Saccharomyces or Brettanomyces)

18

Kopi Luwas is what?

Coffee

19

How much chocolate liquor is used in chocolate milk?

10%

20

Fino, Manzanilla, Amontillado and Oloroso are types of what?

Sherry

21

Diet Rite Cola was produced by what soft drink manufacturer?

Royal Crown

22

Why were hops originally used in beer?

As a natural preservative

23

Why are tea leaves steamed and fired?

To remove moisture and inactivate enzyme

24

Whisky is chilled to precipitate out fatty acid esters and then filtered to remove them. This process is known as what?

Chill filtration

25

Whiskey can be made from two different base products what are these two base products?

Malt; Grain

26

Whiskey aged in oak barrels gets the component cis-3-Methyl-4-octanolide. What aroma does this component contribute?

Coconut aroma

27

Where was the beverage named "Pina Colada" invented?

San Juan, Puerto Rico (by Ricardo Gracia)

28

Where is Champagne exclusively produced?

Champagne region of france

29

What two components can be lowered to produce a low-calorie beer?

Carbohydrate, alcohol

30

What part of the beer making process involves heating malt and water to 60 C to facilitate enzymatic reactions?

Mashing