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Flashcards in Beverages Deck (64):
1

How is the proof of an alcoholic beverage calculated in the United States?

Alcohol proof in the United States is defined as twice the percentage of alcohol by volume

2

How is champagne made?

Secondary fermentation of wine produced by adding sugar, citric acid, and a champagne yeast starter to bottles of previously prepared table wine.

3

Gin is flavored with what?

Juniper berries (Juniperus communis)

4

Define potable.

Drinkable

5

Bourbon’s grain mixture must be 51% of what product?

Corn

6

A dry martini refers to the absence of what ingredient?

Vermouth

7

What process is used to make light beer?

Addition of glucoamylase, before or during fermentation, hydrolyzes most of the unfermentable dextrins in wort to glucose, which can be fermented by yeast to alcohol. Hence, the beer contains a lower calorie level.

8

What is the malo-lactic fermentation, what microorganism carries it out and what is its purpose?

A. Fermentation of malate to lactate and carbon dioxide; B. Oenococcus oenos; C. to reduce the acidity of wine

9

What are the starting materials for the following distilled spirits?
1.Brandy
2.Rum
3.Vodka
4.Tequila

1.Grapes
2.Molasses
3.Potatoes
4.Agave

10

What are the impure and pure distillation products of white wine?

Brandy - impure product, Ethanol - pure product

11

What are composition of the following spirits? 1. Whiskey
2. Bourbon
3. Scotch

1. Whiskeys-rye-51% rye minimum-balance barley
2. Bourbon-51% corn minimum-barley, wheat, and maybe 1 other grain
3. Scotch-barley primarily

12

Name three types of vinegar

White, Cider, Malt, Wine

13

Besides water, what are the 3 most important ingredients in beer?

Yeast, Malt, Hops

14

Who invented Coca Cola?

Dr. John Pemberton

15

Who can be credited with discovery of artificial carbonation?

Joseph Priestly

16

What soft drink was served at the 1904 World's Fair?

Dr. Pepper

17

What is sherry wine & how is it made?

Wine fortified with brandy and aged under a cap ("flor") of yeast (Saccharomyces or Brettanomyces)

18

Kopi Luwas is what?

Coffee

19

How much chocolate liquor is used in chocolate milk?

10%

20

Fino, Manzanilla, Amontillado and Oloroso are types of what?

Sherry

21

Diet Rite Cola was produced by what soft drink manufacturer?

Royal Crown

22

Why were hops originally used in beer?

As a natural preservative

23

Why are tea leaves steamed and fired?

To remove moisture and inactivate enzyme

24

Whisky is chilled to precipitate out fatty acid esters and then filtered to remove them. This process is known as what?

Chill filtration

25

Whiskey can be made from two different base products what are these two base products?

Malt; Grain

26

Whiskey aged in oak barrels gets the component cis-3-Methyl-4-octanolide. What aroma does this component contribute?

Coconut aroma

27

Where was the beverage named "Pina Colada" invented?

San Juan, Puerto Rico (by Ricardo Gracia)

28

Where is Champagne exclusively produced?

Champagne region of france

29

What two components can be lowered to produce a low-calorie beer?

Carbohydrate, alcohol

30

What part of the beer making process involves heating malt and water to 60 C to facilitate enzymatic reactions?

Mashing

31

What is whiskey stored in?

Barrel

32

What is the yeast used in winemaking?

Sacchromyces cerevisiae var ellipsoideus

33

What is the scientific name of lager yeasts?

Saccharomyces uvarum (formerly known as Saccharomyces carlsbergensis)

34

What is the scientific name of ale yeast?

Saccharomyces cerevisiae

35

What is the pH of Coca-Cola?

3.4

36

What is the percent potable water in the world?

1%

37

What is the optimal way to store wine?

At an angle to keep the cork moist and around 55°F and in a dark environment

38

What is the name of the plant from which hops are extracted?

Humulus lupulus (Member of the mulberry family.)

39

What is the main difference between the yeast use for ales and lagers?

The yeasts used for ale are top-fermenting, while those used for lager are bottom fermenting

40

What is the "ullage" in a bottle of wine?

The air space in the top of the bottle.

41

What is Light beer?

Beer with lower alcoholic content

42

What is dry wine?

Wine that contains no more than 4 grams per liter of residual sugar

43

What is beer stored in?

Keg

44

What is a possible hazard to consumers of untested "Moonshine"?

Methanol

45

What is "pomace"?

The solid part of the must

46

What is "chill proofing" of beer?

Addition of papain to prevent haze due to interaction between protein and tannins

47

What are the approximate temperatures at which fermentation takes place for ale and lager beers?

Ale: ~ 10 - 23.9 C; Lager: ~ 0 - 12.8 C

48

What alcoholic beverage is fermented twice?

Champagne

49

The sparkle & zest of carbonated beverages is created from what substance?

Carbon dioxide gas

50

The process of making beer is what?

Brewing

51

The Orleans method is used in making what?

Vinegar

52

The name of what alcoholic beverage is from a shortened Gaelic language meaning literally “water of life”?

Whiskey

53

The juice, seeds, stems and skins released from grapes that are crushed and pressed is called what?

Must

54

The Greek beverage Ouzo is flavored by what spice?

Anise

55

Scotch Whiskey is produced where?

Scotland

56

Sake is an alcoholic beverage produced in Japan. What microorganisms are used to produce it?

Aspergillus oryzae and Saccharomyces sake

57

Only Whiskey produced where can be called bourbon?

The United States

58

O’Douls non alcoholic beer contains what percent of alcohol?

About 0.4%

59

Malt Whiskies have the highest levels of what acetal?

Acetaldehyde diethyl acetal

60

In beermaking, what is the name of the soluble materials in the mash?

Wort

61

What alcoholic cocktail popular in Peru is made using lime, bitters and egg white?

Pisco Sour

62

Absinthe is an anise flavored alcoholic beverage derived from the flowers and leaves of what plant?

Wormwood or Artemisia absinthium

63

The process of filtering Jack Daniels whiskey through charcoal is called?

mellowing

64

What is Trockenbeerenauslese (trock-un-bearen-ows-lay-zuh)? 1. German drinking glass 2. A German soup made with beer 3. German wine classification

3 - wine classification