Flashcards in Nutrition Deck (141)
What led to the origin of omega fish oils?
Eskimos getting sick
What is the polar bear liver disease?
Inability to process Vitamin A
What is hyperkalaemia?
Higher than normal levels of potassium in the blood
Why is raw soybean meal a lesser source of essential proteins than cooked or heat processed soybean meal?
Soybeans contain trypsin inhibitors that, unless denatured by heat, reduce that digestibility of the soy protein.
While vitamin A is sometimes measured in International Units, what unit is used by the RDA?
Which vitamins can also be used as antioxidants?
C and E
Which vitamin is prevented from being absorbed by raw egg whites?
Which section of the gastrointestinal tract is the major area of absorption of nutrients?
The small intestine
Which of the following four amino acids is not essential in the human diet? Phenylalanine, tyrosine, lysine, methionine
Which of the following foods should a sulfite-sensitive individual avoid? Wine, frozen hash brown potatoes, fruit cocktail with maraschino cherries, sauerkraut?
Which lipoprotein transports triacylglycerides and cholesterol from the intestine to other parts of the body?
Which lipoprotein transports lipids from the liver to other parts of the body?
VLDL (very low density lipoproteins)
Which has the least number of calories: raw potatoes or potatoes boiled in their skin?
Where is 25 hydroxychole-calciferol hydroxylated to produce the active form of vitamin D (1, 2, 5 dihydroxy-cholecalciferol)
Where are starch granules produced?
In plastids (specifically amyloplasts)
What’s the active form of niacin in the body?
What vitamins areimportant in plasma membrane integrity?
Vitamins A and E
What vitamins and minerals must be added to enriched flour?
Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Iron, Folate
What vitamin was once known as vitamin H?
What vitamin is produced from cholesterol in the body?
What vitamin is a necessary cofactor for transamination reactions?
What vitamin enhances the absorption of iron in the body?
What type of wheat is used to make pasta?
What type of cholesterol is known as good cholesterol?
What term is generally defines as lignin plus plant polysaccharides that cannot be digested by human enzymes?
What substance did Canadians Charles Best and Fredrick Banting discover in 1922?
What part of the GI absorbs nutrients?
What part of the body is the primary storage area for glycogen?
What organ stores bile for release?