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Flashcards in Nutrition Deck (141)
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1

What led to the origin of omega fish oils?

Eskimos getting sick

2

What is the polar bear liver disease?

Inability to process Vitamin A

3

What is hyperkalaemia?

Higher than normal levels of potassium in the blood

4

Why is raw soybean meal a lesser source of essential proteins than cooked or heat processed soybean meal?

Soybeans contain trypsin inhibitors that, unless denatured by heat, reduce that digestibility of the soy protein.

5

While vitamin A is sometimes measured in International Units, what unit is used by the RDA?

Retinol equivalent

6

Which vitamins can also be used as antioxidants?

C and E

7

Which vitamin is prevented from being absorbed by raw egg whites?

Biotin

8

Which section of the gastrointestinal tract is the major area of absorption of nutrients?

The small intestine

9

Which of the following four amino acids is not essential in the human diet? Phenylalanine, tyrosine, lysine, methionine

Tyrosine (b)

10

Which of the following foods should a sulfite-sensitive individual avoid? Wine, frozen hash brown potatoes, fruit cocktail with maraschino cherries, sauerkraut?

Avoid all

11

Which lipoprotein transports triacylglycerides and cholesterol from the intestine to other parts of the body?

Chylomicrons

12

Which lipoprotein transports lipids from the liver to other parts of the body?

VLDL (very low density lipoproteins)

13

Which has the least number of calories: raw potatoes or potatoes boiled in their skin?

Raw potatoes

14

Where is 25 hydroxychole-calciferol hydroxylated to produce the active form of vitamin D (1, 2, 5 dihydroxy-cholecalciferol)

Kidney

15

Where are starch granules produced?

In plastids (specifically amyloplasts)

16

What’s the active form of niacin in the body?

Nicotinamide

17

What vitamins areimportant in plasma membrane integrity?

Vitamins A and E

18

What vitamins and minerals must be added to enriched flour?

Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Iron, Folate

19

What vitamin was once known as vitamin H?

Biotin

20

What vitamin is produced from cholesterol in the body?

Vitamin D

21

What vitamin is a necessary cofactor for transamination reactions?

Pyridoxine (B6)

22

What vitamin enhances the absorption of iron in the body?

Vitamin C

23

What type of wheat is used to make pasta?

Durum

24

What type of cholesterol is known as good cholesterol?

HDL

25

What term is generally defines as lignin plus plant polysaccharides that cannot be digested by human enzymes?

Dietary fiber

26

What substance did Canadians Charles Best and Fredrick Banting discover in 1922?

Insulin

27

What part of the GI absorbs nutrients?

Small Intestine

28

What part of the body is the primary storage area for glycogen?

The liver

29

What organ stores bile for release?

Gall bladder

30

What Nobel Prize-winning chemist claimed that megadoses of ascorbic acid could prevent or cure the common cold, flu, and cancer?

Linus Pauling