Meat, Fish, Poultry, Eggs Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Meat, Fish, Poultry, Eggs Deck (174)
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1

Young female breeder chicken that produces fertile hatching eggs that become broilers is what?

Pullet

2

Which fish is the most consumed worldwide?

Herring

3

What is the term for the proportion of saleable retail cuts that are obtained from a carcass?

Yield grade (or cutability)

4

What is a chicken that is 30 days old and weighs about 2 pounds live weight?

Cornish Hen

5

What is a broiler?

A chicken raised for meat production

6

What does WOG stand for?

A whole dressed broiler without giblets

7

What does farrow mean?

To give birth to piglets

8

What are the cuts intermediate between primal cuts and portion cuts?

Sub-primals

9

This dish, made from pork intestines, may be boiled or fried and is considered a delicacy by many Southerners?

Chitterlings

10

The Warner-Bratzler Shear Machine is used to measure what characteristic of meat?

Tenderness

11

The upper part of a pork shoulder is known as?

Boston butt

12

The porterhouse steak, t-bone steak, tenderloin steak, and tri-tip roast are from what sections of a beef carcass?

Short loin & sirloin

13

The picnic applies to what part of the hog carcass?

Lower or shank part of the shoulder

14

The formation of metmyoglobin can occur when myoglobin undergoes oxidation which converts the iron atom to what state?

Ferric (Fe+3)

15

The flat iron steak, shoulder pot roast, shoulder steak, ranch steak and boneless short ribs all come from what area of the beef carcass?

Chuck

16

Primal cuts are what sections of the carcass?

Chuck, rib, loin or round

17

Pescitarians are individuals who eat no meat except what?

Fish

18

Meats that are pre-cut, pre-packaged and do no require further handling by retailers are called?

Case-ready

19

Liver, heart, tongue, tripe, sweetbreads and brains are known as what?

Variety meats

20

Jonathan Swift said "It was a brave man who first ate.." this:

Oyster

21

How can the size of egg be determined?

By looking at the age of the hen

22

How can the color of egg be determined?

By looking at the chicken's ear lobe

23

For what product did Clarence Birdseye develop a rapid freezing system?

Fish

24

A wing portion consisting only of the first or proximal section is called what?

Drummette

25

A whole broiler with head, feet and entrails intact is called what?

New York Dressed

26

A surgically desexed male broiler chicken weight 7 to 9 pounds is called a what?

Capon

27

A market weight steer is typically 1250 pounds and has a yield of 62.2%. How much beef is obtained from the steer?

777 pounds

28

A male pig that is castrated prior to reaching sexual maturity is known as what?

Barrow

29

A female pig that has not had her first litter of piglets is what?

Gilt

30

Why is oil sometimes applied on eggs?

Fills pores to prevent loss of CO2 from egg, prevent water loss, prevent gas exchange, and preserve eggs longer.