Flashcards in Food History and Laws Deck (126)
If a meat processor wishes to gain approval for use of a new additive in a food product, to whom should they submit a petition for its use?
Both Food and Drug Administration and USDS/FSIS
Who is considered as the “father” of the first Pure Food and Drugs Act?
Dr. Harvey Wiley
A food in its raw or natural state, even after washing, coloring, or otherwise treated in its unpeeled form is called what?
Raw Agricultural Commodity
A product may be considered __________ if marketed under the name of a product covered by a standard of identity, if the requirements of the standard are not met.
According the 21 USC Sec. 321, the authority to promulgate regulations for the efficient enforcement of the Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act is hereby vested in whom?
"The Secretary" (currently, Tom Vilsack)
According to Federal Standards of identity, how much fruit juice ingredients must be in fruit jelly?
At least 45 parts by weight fruit juice to each 55 parts by weight of sugar. If less, it must be labeled imitation.
According to section 343 of the US Code, an imitation food, which is not declared on the label as such, is: A. adulterated, B. mislabled or C. misbranded?
According to the Food and Drug Administration, in 1906 a book was published which pushed a meat inspection bill aimed at protecting the domestic market through the Congress. Name the book and it’s author.
The Jungle; Upton Sinclair
Although the USDA has responsibility for meat and meat products, by agreement the Food and Drug Administration regulates products containing _____ percent or less meat.
3% raw, 2% cooked
An action initiated by an agency with the intent of obtaining input from stakeholders prior to drafting a proposed regulation is called what?
Advanced Notice of Proposed Rulemaking
An early 1900's team of 12 USDA volunteers tasted household chemicals and food additives to determine their safety was known as what?
The Poison Squad
An industrial solvent, tri-ortho-cresyl phosphate, which caused crippling injuries in thousands of users, was added to Jamaican Ginger to replace what?
Before what year could a food additive be considered GRAS without testing?
Define OSHA, name the government agency of which it is part, and tell when it was established.
Occupational Safety & Health Administration; Dept. of Labor, 1970
Define standard of identity.
Mandatory, federally-set requirements that determine what a food product must contain in order to be marketed under a certain name in interstate commerce; also what it cannot contain
Dr. Harvey Wiley upset what president because of his pursuit to ban saccharin in the United States?
During Ramadan, Muslims fast from sunrise to sunset for how long?
During what Jewish holy day are four glasses of wine consumed as symbols of the four stages of the Exodus?
Eggs in the shell are under the regulatory jurisdiction of what agency?
Food and Drug Administration
Food and Drug Administration regulations for foods are found in what title of the CFR?
How is the strength of vinegar defined?
The strength of vinegar is referred to in grains; 1 0 grains = l % Vinegar must have at least 4 g acetic acid/l 00 mi. (4% or 40-grain).
How many years does a US patent last?
Old law--17, New law--20
How often is 21 CFR updated, and when?
Once per year, April 1
How often is the Federal Register published?
In addition to standards of identity, the FDCA also provides for the establishment of standards of __________ and __________
Quality and fill of container
In Judaism, fasting is practiced on this "day of atonement."
In the 1930s, what medication was formulated with diethylene glycol and resulted in the deaths of more than 100 people, mostly children?
Elixir of Sulfanilamide
In what year was the Food and Drug Administration named?
It is necessary to declare net quantity of contents in both the customary U.S. measurement (inch-pound units) and the metric (SI units) as a result of what legislation?
American Technology Preeminence Act of 1990