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Hematology Module 2 > Body Fluids > Flashcards

Flashcards in Body Fluids Deck (67)
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1

Where is cerebrospinal fluid located

brain and spinal cord

2

Where is pleural fluid found

lungs

3

Where is pericardial fluid found

heart

4

Where is peritoneal fluid found

abdominal organs

5

Where is synovial fluid found

joints

6

normal volume of CSF in an adult

90-150 mL in adults

7

What is the name given to the change in color of a supernatant, caused by the breakdown of hemoglobin

Xanthochromia

8

CSF for neonates
- white blood cell count
- lymphs v.s. monos

- 0-27 cells/cumm
- more monos then lymphs

9

CSF white blood cell count for adults

0-5/cumm
- 70% lymphs and 30% monos

10

an increased cell count, particularly an increase in white blood cell (WBC) count, in a bodily fluid, such as cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)

pleocytosis

11

Bacterial meningitis leads to increase in

neutrophils

12

Viral meningitis leads to an increase in

lymphocytes

13

Acute leukemias lead to increase in

blasts

14

Lymphomas lead to an increase in

lymphoma cells

15

Cerebral hemorrhage (including strokes) lead to increase in

pollys, monos, macrophages

16

Correcting for a traumatic tap (formula 1)

subtract 1 WBC per 500 RBCs counted

17

Correcting for a traumatic tap (formula 2)

WBC count - [WBCblood x (RBCcsf/RBCblood)]

18

Cytospin preps are made on all ______ specimen regardless of _______ ________

CSF
Cell Count

19

How do you make a Cytospin slide?

add one drop of 22% albumin and 5 drops of fluid to make the cytospin prep

20

What type of serous body fluid accumulates due to a pathologic state such as infection or malignancy

Exudate

21

abnormal collection of fluid in a cavity

Effusion

22

accumulate due to a systemic disease state

transudates

23

Causes of transudates (4)

Congestive Heart Failure
Decreased plasma oncotic pressure
Hypoproteinemia of the nephrotic syndrome
Liver failure

24

Accumulate due to a primary pathologic state

Exudates

25

Examples of causes of Exudates

bacterial infections, viral infections, neoplasms, trauma, noninfectious inflammatory conductions (RA), collagen vascular disease (SLE)

26

Serous fluids are ultra filtrate of what?

plasma

27

systemic causes of effusions and the underlying mechanism

1. increase capillary HP
2. decrease plasma oncotic pressure

28

local causes of effusions and the underlying mechanism

1. increased capillary permeability
2. decreased lymphatic resorption

29

Specific gravity for transudates and exudates

T is < E is >
1.015

30

Total protein for transudates and exudates

T is < E is >
3.0 g/dL