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Flashcards in Carcinogens Deck (12)
1

Aflatoxins (Aspergillus)

Hepatocellular carcinoma (found in contaminated stored grains)

2

Alkylating agents

Leukemia/lymphoma; side effect of chemo years down the line

3

Aromatic amines (benzidine, 2-naphthylamine)

Bladder transitional cell carcinoma

4

Arsenic

Angiosarcoma of liver, lung cancer, squamous cell carcinoma of skin (found in cigarette smoke)

5

Asbestos

Bronchogenic (lung) carcinoma > mesothelioma

6

Carbon tetrachloride

Liver centrilobular necrosis, fatty change

7

Cigarette smoke

Transitional cell carcinoma of bladder, squamous cell carcinoma/adenocarcinoma of esophagus, RCC, squamous cell carcinoma of larynx, squamous cell & small cell carcinoma of lung, pancreatic adenocarcinoma

8

Ethanol (alcohol)

HCC, squamous cell carcinoma of oropharynx & upper esophagus, pancreatic cancer

9

Nitrosamines (smoked foods)

Gastric cancer (intestinal type)

10

Radon

Lung cancer (2nd leading cause after cigarette smoke)

11

Vinyl chloride

Liver angiosarcoma

12

Non-ionizing radiation (UVB light)

Basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, melanoma