Cardiovascular Flashcards Preview

Pharmacology > Cardiovascular > Flashcards

Flashcards in Cardiovascular Deck (18):
0

+ve ionotropic drugs for CHF conditions.
Beta adrenergic agonist.

Dobutamine

1

+ve ionotropic agents for CHF.
Cardiac glycosides

Digitalis

2

+ve ionotropic action for CHF conditions.
Phosphodiesterase inhibitor.

Aminophylline

3

+ve ionotropic agents for CHF conditions.
Phosphodiesterase 3 inhibitors.

Pimobendan, milrinone, inamrinone (amrinone)

4

Antiarrythmetics
Class 1A- Membrane stabilizers, local anesthetics.
-->Prolong duration of action potential and refractory period.

Procainimide, quinidine, disopyrimide

5

Antiarrythmetics
Class 1B- Membrane stabilizers and analgesics.
-->Minimal shortening effect on action potential duration and refractory period.

Lidocaine, phenytoin, tocainide, aprinidine,mexilitine

6

Antiarrythmetics
Class 1C -Membrane stabilizers and local anesthetic agents.
-->Reduce depolarization rate- normal and injured cells.

Flecainide, encainide, lorcainide

7

Antiarrythmics
Class 2- beta blockers

Timolol, pindalol, metoprolol, oxyprenolol

8

Antiarrythmetics
Class 3- prolong refractory period.

Bretylium, amiodarone

9

Antiarrythmetics
Class 4- Ca channel blockers

Diltiazam, verapamil

10

Antiarrythmetics
Glycosides

Digitalis

11

Vasodialators
Arteriolar

Hydralazine, minoxidil

12

Vasodialators
Beta 2 agonist

Isoxuprine

13

Vasodialators
Veins and arteries

Sodium nitroprusside

14

Vasodialators
Lg veins (and arteries)

Nitroglycerine

15

Vasodilators
Selective alpha 1 blocker (min reflex tachycardia)

Prazosin

16

Vasodialators
Phosphodiesterase 5 inhibitor

Sildenafil

17

Vasodialators
Ca channel blockers

Amlodipine- arterial dialator-cats
Verapamil- causes cardiomyopathy in small animals
Diltiazem
Nifedipine