Cardiovascular risk factors and their Management Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Cardiovascular risk factors and their Management Deck (13)
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1

Define primary prevention?

Reduce incidence in a population

2

Define secondary intervention?

Detection and prevention of pre- symptomatic disease

3

Define tertiary intervention?

Reducing incidences/recurrences of chronic incapacity among those with symptomatic diseases

4

Risk factor modifications?

Lose weight if overweight
Limit alcohol intake
Increase physical activity
Reduce salt intake
Stop smoking
Limit intake of foods rich in cholesterol and fat

5

Most preventable cause of ill-health?

Smoking

6

What doctors can do to tackle individual risk factors?

Identify authoritative guidelines
Clarify nature of the problem
Identify approaches to risk reduction

7

Sign Key Recommendations?

-If overweight/obese target with interventions with the aim of reducing weight by 3kg
-Physical activity of moderate intensity recommended for everyone
-Smoking- offer support to quit

8

What should be offered when people give up smoking.

Varenicline and NRT (nicotine reducing therapy)

9

What can most CD be prevented by?

Tobacco use
Unhealthy diet
Obesity
Physical Activity
Harmful use of alcohol

10

2 types of risk factors?

Modifiable and non-modifiable

11

Non modifiable risk factors of CHD?

Family history of CHD
Personal history of CHD
Age
Gender

12

What score is given to assess patients risk fro CHD?

ASSIGN score

13

Whats in ASSIGN?

Age
Sex
Smoking
Systolic BP
Total cholesterol
HDL cholesterol
Family history of premature CVD
Diagnosis of diabetes
Diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis
Deprivation