Flashcards in Cardiovascular risk factors and their Management Deck (13)
Define primary prevention?
Reduce incidence in a population
Define secondary intervention?
Detection and prevention of pre- symptomatic disease
Define tertiary intervention?
Reducing incidences/recurrences of chronic incapacity among those with symptomatic diseases
Risk factor modifications?
Lose weight if overweight
Limit alcohol intake
Increase physical activity
Reduce salt intake
Limit intake of foods rich in cholesterol and fat
Most preventable cause of ill-health?
What doctors can do to tackle individual risk factors?
Identify authoritative guidelines
Clarify nature of the problem
Identify approaches to risk reduction
Sign Key Recommendations?
-If overweight/obese target with interventions with the aim of reducing weight by 3kg
-Physical activity of moderate intensity recommended for everyone
-Smoking- offer support to quit
What should be offered when people give up smoking.
Varenicline and NRT (nicotine reducing therapy)
What can most CD be prevented by?
Harmful use of alcohol
2 types of risk factors?
Modifiable and non-modifiable
Non modifiable risk factors of CHD?
Family history of CHD
Personal history of CHD
What score is given to assess patients risk fro CHD?