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Anatomy (TOPNOTCH SUPPLEMENT) > Carpals > Flashcards

Flashcards in Carpals Deck (13):
0

Carpals (LATERAL TO MEDIAL)

PROXIMAL ROW
- scaphoid/navicular
- lunate
- triquetral
- pisiform

DISTAL ROW
- trapezium
- trapezoid
- capitate
- hamate

1

Anatomical SNUFF BOX

Lateral - tendons of EPB and ABDUCTOR PL

Medial - tendon of EPL

Floor - SCAPHOID & TRAPEZIUM

RADIAL ARTERY; styloid process of radius; base of 1st metacarpal can be palpated

2

Exhibit pain and tenderness localized over the anatomical snuffbox after a fall on the outstretched hand

SCAPHOID FRACTURE

3

Most commonly dislocated carpal bone; typically dislocated anteriorly; may cause a CARPAL TUNNEL SYNDROME

LUNATE FRACTURE

4

A fracture of the base of the first metacarpal bone; thumb is forcefully abducted

BENNETT'S FRACTURE

5

Necks of the second and third metacarpals

BOXER's fracture

6

Burning pain/ "pain & needles" along the distribution of MEDIAN NERVE

Thickening of the synovial sheaths of the flexor tendons or arthritic changes of the carpal bones

CARPAL TUNNEL SYNDROME

7

Localized thickening and contracture of the palmar apeneurosis

Starts-ring finger draws into the palm then little finger FLEXION OF PROXIMAL INTERPHALANGEAL

DUPUYTREN'S CONTRACTURE

8

A patient complains of sensory loss over the anterior and posterior surfaces of the medial one and one half fingers. What nerve is injured?

RADIAL NERVE

9

SUPRACONDYLAR fracture

Carpal tunnel syndrome

MEDIAN NERVE

10

During fractures of medial epicondyle

Wrist abduction during wrist flexion

Medial clawing

ULNAR NERVE

11

The dermatome at the medial aspect of the Hypothenar eminence?

C8

12

Area of the skin supplied by the somatosensory fibers from a single spinal nerve; useful in localizing the levels of lesions

C2 - back of head
C5 - tip of shoulder
C6 - thumb
C7 - middle finger
C8 - small finger
T4-T5 - nipple
T10 - umbilicus
L1 - inguinal
L4 - knee; medial leg
L5 - lateral leg; big toe
S1 - small toe
S5 - perineum