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Flashcards in FOOT Deck (17):
1

All sole muscles innervated by lateral plantar nerve EXCEPT

Abductor hallucis
Flexor digitorum brevis
Flexor hallucis brevis
1st lumbrical

2

Blood vessels: COMMON ILIAC

Internal iliac

External iliac (femoral, popliteal, anterior/posterior tibial, plantar arch)

3

Blood vessels: DORSALIS PEDIS ARTERY (dorsalis pedis pulse)

LATERALLY: tendons of extensor digitorum longus

MEDIALLY: tendon of extensor hallucis longus

LANDMARK: between malleoli or 1st intermetatarsal space

4

Vena Commitantes

Ant/Post tibial

Popliteal

Femoral

External iliac

Internal iliac

Common iliac

5

Muscles of the sole

FIRST LAYER:
Abductor hallucis
Flexor digitorum brevis
Abductor digiti minimi

SECOND LAYER:
Flexor digitorum accessorius
Flexor digitorum longus
Lumbricals (4)
Flexor hallucis longus

THIRD LAYER:
Flexor hallucis brevis
Adductor hallucis (oblique head, transverse head)
Flexor digiti minimi brevis

FOURTH LAYER:
Interossei: dorsal (4), plantar (3)
Peroneus longus
Tibialis posterior

6

Drains into FEMORAL

GREAT SAPHENOUS VEIN

7

Drains into POPLITEAL

SMALL SAPHENOUS VEIN

8

Branch of COMMON PERONEAL NERVE

Lateral cutaneous nerve

Superficial cutaneous nerve

9

Branch of FEMORAL NERVE

SAPHENOUS NERVE

10

PERONEUS vs TIBIALIS MUSCLE

PERONEUS muscles: evert foot and plantar flex

TIBIALIS muscles: invert foot and plantar flex

11

The nerve common injured in "foot drop"

COMMON PERONEAL NERVE

12

In patients with TIBIAL NERVE LESIONS in the gluteal region (hip fracture, dislocation of femur), weakness may be evident in the ability to flex the leg at the knee and plantarflex at the angle

CAN'T STAND ON TIPTOES

Paresthesia on skin of posterior leg, sole and lateral foot

TIBIAL NERVE LESIONS

13

Most frequently injured nerve in the lower limb

Compression at neck of fibula, hip fracture, dislocation of femur

FOOTDROP

"STEPPAGE" gait

Pain and paresthesia in the lateral leg and dorsum of the foot

COMMON PERONEAL/ FIBULAR NERVE LESIONS

14

Which results from a loss of dorsiflexion at the ankle and loss if eversion

FOOTDROP

15

Raise the affected leg high off the ground and the foot slaps the ground when walking

"STEPPAGE" gait

16

May be injured as the nerve emerges from the lateral compartment of the leg

Pain and paresthesia in the dorsal aspect of the foot

Weakness in EVERSION of foot

SUPERFICIAL PERONEAL/ FIBULAR NERVE LESIONS

17

May be compresses in the anterior compartment of the leg

May have footdrop and paresthesia in skin of the webbed space between the great toe and the second toe

DEEP PERONEAL/ FIBULAR NERVE LESIONS