Cell Structure & Function Discoverers/Energy Requirements of Living Organisms Flashcards Preview

Biology 2015-2016 > Cell Structure & Function Discoverers/Energy Requirements of Living Organisms > Flashcards

Flashcards in Cell Structure & Function Discoverers/Energy Requirements of Living Organisms Deck (13):
1

Who used the word "cell" for the first time after looking at cork cells under a microscope

Robert Hooke

2

Why did Robert Hooke call the cell the cell

Because cork seemed to be made of thousands of tiny empty chambers called cells

3

Who discovered microorganisms

Anton Van Leeuwenhoek

4

Who determined all plants are made of cells

Matthias Schleiden

5

Who determined all animals are made of cells

Theodore Schwann

6

Who determined that cells could only arise from preexisting cells

Virchow

7

What is the Cell Theory

All things are composed of cells
Cells are basic units of structures
New cells are produced from living things

8

Living organisms need a constant supply of

Energy

9

Why do organisms need a constant supply of energy

To maintain & to grow & to reproduce

10

How do heterotrophs get energy

They are consumers, cannot make their own food

11

Examples of heterotrophs

Fungi, animals

12

How do autotrophs get energy

They are producers, can make their own food

13

Examples of autotrophs

All green plants, bacteria