Flashcards in Ch 11: The Later Middle Ages Deck (105)
What caused the poor harvests in the later Middle Ages?
Colder, wetter climate
What was the term for the period where a climate change occurred?
"Little Ice Age"
The period of starvation that occurred because of poor harvests in Europe was termed ______________
The Great Famine
This ethnic group was a scapegoat for the general suffering during the Later Middle Ages
How did the sons of Philip the Fair try to deal with the famine?
Forbade sale of grain abroad
What country did Philip the Fair rule from 1314-1328?
How did Edward II attempt to deal with the famine?
Condemned speculators, set price controls, bought grain abroad
How effective were the government responses to the famine?
How did the famine affect the strength of the plague on European society?
Starvation and malnourishment made people more susceptible to disease
Year round ____________ caused vermin to spread pathogens quickly
__________ ships carried Black Death
The Black Death was also knows as the ________________
Were urban or rural areas hit harder by the plague?
Who discovered the treatment more bubonic plague?
What did the medics at the time believe caused the plague?
Poisons in the air that caused fluids in the body to become unbalanced
Many members of the __________ took care of the sick
This Italian poet described the plague in his book "The Decameron"
Many cities were __________ to disallow the sickness from entering
What caused the famine?
Agrarian technology could not keep up with the growing population
The lack of population from plague and famine caused general __________ because of less workers to produce goods
Labor shortages meant that surviving workers could _______________________________
Demand higher wages
The survivors had a ___________ standard of living
How did people religiously interpret the plague?
It was gods punishment for sinful behavior
People who whipped themselves to repent for their sins in response to the plague
A shortage of priests caused an increase in _________
Who fought in the Hundred Years' War?
France and England
This treaty asserted England's claims to the Duchy of Aquitane
Treaty of Paris, 1259
Who signed the Treaty of Paris for England?
Who signed the Treaty of Paris for France?