Ch 11: The Later Middle Ages Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch 11: The Later Middle Ages Deck (105)
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1

What caused the poor harvests in the later Middle Ages?

Colder, wetter climate

2

What was the term for the period where a climate change occurred?

"Little Ice Age"

3

The period of starvation that occurred because of poor harvests in Europe was termed ______________

The Great Famine

4

This ethnic group was a scapegoat for the general suffering during the Later Middle Ages

The Jewish

5

How did the sons of Philip the Fair try to deal with the famine?

Forbade sale of grain abroad

6

What country did Philip the Fair rule from 1314-1328?

France

7

How did Edward II attempt to deal with the famine?

Condemned speculators, set price controls, bought grain abroad

8

How effective were the government responses to the famine?

Ineffective

9

How did the famine affect the strength of the plague on European society?

Starvation and malnourishment made people more susceptible to disease

10

Year round ____________ caused vermin to spread pathogens quickly

Shipping

11

__________ ships carried Black Death

Genoese

12

The Black Death was also knows as the ________________

Bubonic plague

13

Were urban or rural areas hit harder by the plague?

Urban

14

Who discovered the treatment more bubonic plague?

Selman Walker

15

What did the medics at the time believe caused the plague?

Poisons in the air that caused fluids in the body to become unbalanced

16

Many members of the __________ took care of the sick

Clergy

17

This Italian poet described the plague in his book "The Decameron"

Giovanni Boccaccio

18

Many cities were __________ to disallow the sickness from entering

Quarantined

19

What caused the famine?

Agrarian technology could not keep up with the growing population

20

The lack of population from plague and famine caused general __________ because of less workers to produce goods

Inflation

21

Labor shortages meant that surviving workers could _______________________________

Demand higher wages

22

The survivors had a ___________ standard of living

Higher

23

How did people religiously interpret the plague?

It was gods punishment for sinful behavior

24

People who whipped themselves to repent for their sins in response to the plague

Flagellants

25

A shortage of priests caused an increase in _________

Universities

26

Who fought in the Hundred Years' War?

France and England

27

This treaty asserted England's claims to the Duchy of Aquitane

Treaty of Paris, 1259

28

Who signed the Treaty of Paris for England?

Henry III

29

Who signed the Treaty of Paris for France?

Louis IX

30

French policy in the 1300's was ____________

Expansionist