Flashcards in Ch 20: The Revolution In Energy and industry Deck (115)
Where did the industrial revolution begin?
Why was the scientific revolution and enlightenment a reason for the industrial revolution?
-new world view of progress and experimentation
Another reason for the industrial revolution was 17th century expansion of _____________ exports
Why were possession in the slave trade and Latin America reasons for the British industrial revolution?
Provided raw materials
Why was a revolution in agriculture important to the British industrial revolution?
Increased efficiency and the enclosure movement meant that their was a larger pool of workers for factories
Why were higher wages important to the start of the British industrial revolution?
Families could spend more on manufactured goods
What was the first breakthrough of the industrial revolution?
Creation of first machine powered factories in cotton textile industry
What problems existed in cottage industry?
- 4-5 spinners were needed to keep one weaver employed
-original materials of wool and flax were hard to spin
Where was cotton originally imported from as a luxury?
Simple, inexpensive, hand powered machine for cotton spinning
Cotton spinning Jenny
Who invented the cotton spinning Jenny?
Who invented the water frame?
Invented a machine capable of spinning fine thread in large quantities
All cotton spinning became concentrated in large scale _____________
Water powered factories
New technology meant cotton manufacturers were able to competed in _____________ markets
Who invented the power loom?
Why were weavers and spinners reluctant to leave their cottages?
Poor factory conditions
Eighteenth century Europe relied on __________ for energy , but it was in short supply
Because of the lack of wood, the UK looked to __________ to produce mechanical energy
What was initially used to filter water in coal mines?
Animal powered pumps
Why were animal powered pumps problematic?
They were expensive and bothersome
Who initially invented the steam engine?
Thomas Savery and Thomas Newcomen
Who increased the efficiency of the steam engine?
English industrialist who partnered with James Watt?
Further improvements by Boulton and Watt made the steam engine a _________
The steam engine provided almost ___________ power
What was the most fundamental advance in technology during the industrial revolution?
The steam engine transformed the British ________ industry
Why could coal originally not be used in the iron industry?