Ch 20: The Revolution In Energy and industry Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch 20: The Revolution In Energy and industry Deck (115)
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1

Where did the industrial revolution begin?

Britain

2

Why was the scientific revolution and enlightenment a reason for the industrial revolution?

-new world view of progress and experimentation

3

Another reason for the industrial revolution was 17th century expansion of _____________ exports

Woolen cloth

4

Why were possession in the slave trade and Latin America reasons for the British industrial revolution?

Provided raw materials

5

Why was a revolution in agriculture important to the British industrial revolution?

Increased efficiency and the enclosure movement meant that their was a larger pool of workers for factories

6

Why were higher wages important to the start of the British industrial revolution?

Families could spend more on manufactured goods

7

What was the first breakthrough of the industrial revolution?

Creation of first machine powered factories in cotton textile industry

8

What problems existed in cottage industry?

- 4-5 spinners were needed to keep one weaver employed
-original materials of wool and flax were hard to spin

9

Where was cotton originally imported from as a luxury?

India

10

Simple, inexpensive, hand powered machine for cotton spinning

Cotton spinning Jenny

11

Who invented the cotton spinning Jenny?

James Hargreaves

12

Who invented the water frame?

Richard Arkwright

13

Invented a machine capable of spinning fine thread in large quantities

Samuel Compton

14

All cotton spinning became concentrated in large scale _____________

Water powered factories

15

New technology meant cotton manufacturers were able to competed in _____________ markets

Foreign

16

Who invented the power loom?

Edmund Cartwright

17

Why were weavers and spinners reluctant to leave their cottages?

Poor factory conditions

18

Eighteenth century Europe relied on __________ for energy , but it was in short supply

Wood

19

Because of the lack of wood, the UK looked to __________ to produce mechanical energy

Coal

20

What was initially used to filter water in coal mines?

Animal powered pumps

21

Why were animal powered pumps problematic?

They were expensive and bothersome

22

Who initially invented the steam engine?

Thomas Savery and Thomas Newcomen

23

Who increased the efficiency of the steam engine?

James Watt

24

English industrialist who partnered with James Watt?

Matthew Boulton

25

Further improvements by Boulton and Watt made the steam engine a _________

Success

26

The steam engine provided almost ___________ power

Unlimited

27

What was the most fundamental advance in technology during the industrial revolution?

Steam engine

28

The steam engine transformed the British ________ industry

Iron

29

Why could coal originally not be used in the iron industry?

Fumes

30

Who developed the puddling furnace which allowed pig iron to be refined in turn w/ coke ?

Henry Court