Flashcards in Ch 13: The Reformation and Religious Wars Deck (184)
Anticlericalism was mainly focused on what three problems?
Holding more than one church office at a time
Frequent absence from office by priests
Many priests couldn't read in what language?
When priests held multiple offices, they would often hire ____________ to there jobs in their place
____________ bred local resentment
Clerics were exempt from ______________ like defending the city and paying taxes
German university professor and priest who propelled the reformation
Martin Luther joined this religious order who taught, preached to, and assisted the poor
Martin Luther was professor of the scriptures at what university?
What did Luther believe about faith?
Faith was a free gift of gods grace
Pope Leo X authorized the sale of the ____________ indulgence to finance his plans in Rome
St. Peter's Indulgence
Archbishop who controlled the area by Wittenberg, enthusiastically promoted indulgences
Albert of Mainz
Document issued by the Catholic Church lessening time in purgatory
The collection of all the virtuous acts that Christ, the apostles, and saints did during their lives, purgatory could be shortened by drawing on it with indulgences
Treasure of merits
What friar ran Albert of Mainz' indulgence sale?
Letter written by Luther that argued against the sale of indulgences
What was the result of luthers 95 theses?
He was ordered to go to Rome
Who did Luther debate with instead of going to Rome?
Who protected Luther?
Frederick of Saxony (Elector of Saxony)
Luther rejected clerical _________
Luthers said that ____________ should reform the church of clergymen couldn't
The Pope gave Luther two months to recant his claims or be _________________
What was Luther's reaction to the letter of excommunication?
He publicly burned the letter
Charles V held the ____________ were Luther was questioned but still refused to recant
Diet of Worms
Swiss Humanist, most important early reformer other than Luther
Who did Luther greatly admire?
Who inspired Ulrich Zwingli?
Zwingli preached from the ______________ rather than church prescribed readings