Ch 13: The Reformation and Religious Wars Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch 13: The Reformation and Religious Wars Deck (184)
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1

Anticlericalism was mainly focused on what three problems?

-clerical immortality
-clerical ignorance
-clerical pluralism

2

Holding more than one church office at a time

Clerical pluralism

3

Frequent absence from office by priests

Absenteeism

4

Many priests couldn't read in what language?

Latin

5

When priests held multiple offices, they would often hire ____________ to there jobs in their place

Poor priests

6

____________ bred local resentment

Clerical privileges

7

Clerics were exempt from ______________ like defending the city and paying taxes

Civic responsibility

8

German university professor and priest who propelled the reformation

Martin Luther

9

Martin Luther joined this religious order who taught, preached to, and assisted the poor

Augustinian Friars

10

Martin Luther was professor of the scriptures at what university?

Wittenberg

11

What did Luther believe about faith?

Faith was a free gift of gods grace

12

Pope Leo X authorized the sale of the ____________ indulgence to finance his plans in Rome

St. Peter's Indulgence

13

Archbishop who controlled the area by Wittenberg, enthusiastically promoted indulgences

Albert of Mainz

14

Document issued by the Catholic Church lessening time in purgatory

Indulgence

15

The collection of all the virtuous acts that Christ, the apostles, and saints did during their lives, purgatory could be shortened by drawing on it with indulgences

Treasure of merits

16

What friar ran Albert of Mainz' indulgence sale?

Johann Tetzel

17

Letter written by Luther that argued against the sale of indulgences

95 thesis

18

What was the result of luthers 95 theses?

He was ordered to go to Rome

19

Who did Luther debate with instead of going to Rome?

Johann Eck

20

Who protected Luther?

Frederick of Saxony (Elector of Saxony)

21

Luther rejected clerical _________

Celibacy

22

Luthers said that ____________ should reform the church of clergymen couldn't

Secular leaders

23

The Pope gave Luther two months to recant his claims or be _________________

Excommunicated

24

What was Luther's reaction to the letter of excommunication?

He publicly burned the letter

25

Charles V held the ____________ were Luther was questioned but still refused to recant

Diet of Worms

26

Swiss Humanist, most important early reformer other than Luther

Ulrich Zwingli

27

Who did Luther greatly admire?

Jan Hus

28

Who inspired Ulrich Zwingli?

Erasmus

29

Zwingli preached from the ______________ rather than church prescribed readings

New Testament

30

What was Ulrich Zwingli's belief about religion?

It rested purely on scripture