Ch 27: Dictatorship and WWII Flashcards Preview

AP European History > Ch 27: Dictatorship and WWII > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch 27: Dictatorship and WWII Deck (27)
Loading flashcards...
1

Before totalitarianism, what was the traditional form of antidemocratic government in europe?

conservative authoritarianism

2

radical dictatorship that exercises "total claims" over the beliefs and behavior of citizens. Took control of economic, intellectual, social, and cultural parts of society

totalitarianism

3

What was the difference between communism and fascism?

Fascism didn't promot social leveling like communism did

4

Movement characterized by extreme, often expansionist nationalism, anti socialism, a dynamic and violent leader, and glorification of war and the military

fascism

5

Fascism claimed to strive to build a new community on a _______ level

national

6

What are some similarities between communists and fascists?

-Promised to improve life for workers
-hated liberalism and democracy

7

doctrine that said that selective breeding of humans could improve characteristics of the population

eugenics

8

Communists and fascists were sworn ________

enemies

9

_____ established the basic outlines of totalitarianism in Russia

Lenin

10

Plan that aimed at modernizing the Soviet Union and creation a new Communist society with new attitudes, new loyalties, and a new socialist humanity

5 year plan

11

Who launched the five year plan?

Stalin

12

Lenin replaced war communism with the __________________, which re-established limited economic freedom in an attempt to rebuild agriculture and industry

New Economic Policy (NEP)

13

Did the NEP work?

Yes, it was a political and economic success

14

What problem arose just as the economy was starting to get better in Russia?

Lenin died without a chosen successor

15

Who were the two main candidates fighting for power after Lenins death?

Stalin and Trotsky

16

This candidate for Russian power was a good organizer, poor speaker/writer, and had no experience outside of russia

Stalin

17

Inspiring leader who had planned the 1917 Bolshevik takeover and created the Red Army

Trotsky

18

Why did Stalin win over Trotsky?

-he was better at getting support from the party
-he was bale to relate Marxist teaching to soviet realities

19

Stalins theory that said the the soviet union had the ability to build socialism on its own, was more appealing to the majority of the population

"Socialism in one country"

20

Trotsky's theory that socialism in the Soviet Union could only succeed in a socialist revolution swept Europe

"Permanent Revolution"

21

Stalin argued for more ____________ control of non Russian nations within the Soviet Union

centralized

22

the NEP ended when __________ came to power

stalin

23

What were the guidelines for the first five year plan?

-increase industry and agriculture
-peasants to give up private plots to join collective farms

24

Forced consolidation of individual peasant farms into large state controlled enterprises

Collectivization

25

Class of well off peasants who had most benefited from the NEP, focus of Stalin's repression

Kulaks

26

Where was collectivization most rapid/violent

ukraine

27

What was more successful under the five year plan, agriculture or industry?

Industry